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Which candles are most effective in the treatment of colpitis - a list of 10 drugs

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Kolpit today is one of the most common female diseases. The most effective in the fight against this ailment are candles from colpitis. What to use in effective treatment of the disease?

The most effective candles from colpitis - which ones to use

Terzhinan has antifungal, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect. Terzhinan is made in the form of candles, which must be wetted in water for 20-30 seconds before being inserted into the vagina. In the process of treatment of colpitis, you should use one vaginal suppository per day, preferably at night. The course of treatment is ten days. In some cases, treatment can last up to twenty days.

Vokadin produced in the form of candles that must be inserted deep into the vagina. In acute colpitis, use one candle twice a day. The course of treatment is 7 days. In case of chronic colpitis, one should use one candle once a day, preferably at night. The course of treatment of colpitis candles for two weeks.

Candles from a colpit of a specific form - what to use?

Treatment of specific obesity directly depends on the type of infection that caused the inflammation of the vagina. Treatment of colpitis is prescribed by the attending physician. For candidal colpitis, antifungal medications are used, such as, for example:

clindamycin and others

For gonorrheal colpitis, antibiotics such as are used:

When trichomonas vaginitis, as a rule, appoint metronidazole. It should also be noted that the course of treatment for germs that are transmitted during sexual intercourse must be followed by both sexual partners in order to prevent re-infection.

Antibiotics and candles from colpitis

As a rule, antibiotic therapy, including antibiotics, can disrupt the normal microflora of the vagina, therefore, upon completion of the course of treatment, it is necessary to use drugs that restore the level of lactobacilli in the vagina. These include Linex, as well as vaginal suppositories Bifidumbacterin.

Only after the type of pathogen is determined, does the doctor prescribe the treatment of vagitis. For this purpose, special studies are carried out: crops separated from the vagina, smears on the microbial flora to establish sensitivity to drugs. Based on the survey results, local treatment of colpitis with suppositories can be prescribed, and in addition, antibacterial and other drugs can also be used. Candles from colpitis, as a rule, are applied after douching. The course of treatment of colpitis is one to two weeks. After treatment, a control swab is prescribed.

The most effective means

Local drugs for the treatment of disease differ purposeful action. Suppositories are inserted into the vagina, where the components of the product are activated when dissolved.

There are several types of suppositories that effectively cope with colpitis. The advantages of this format of therapeutic agents include the following:

  1. Candles do not adversely affect the liver.
  2. The rate of receipt of active substances is comparable to intramuscular injection. This is due to the concentration of a large number of blood vessels in the vagina.
  3. As a result of overdose the likelihood of side effects is minimal.
  4. Organoleptic properties of the drug do not matterbecause it is not used orally.

Hexicon D

it local antisepticused to treat and prevent inflammatory diseases of infectious origin. The active ingredient of the drug is chlorhexidine. The suppository is inserted into the vagina twice a day for 7–20 days. The cost of funds is 270-300 rubles.

Hexicon not only relieves the symptoms of colpitis, but also eliminates infectionwhich led to the disease. It is effective against the following types of infections:

  • trichomoniasis
  • gonorrhea,
  • ureaplasmosis,
  • syphilis,
  • genital herpes,
  • chlamydia

In most cases, the drug is easily tolerated, but sometimes an allergic reaction to its components occurs. After inserting candles into the vagina burning and slight discomfort may occur. At the end of treatment, the symptoms disappear.

This is no less effective drug used for colpitis. It is a combination drug that provides anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action. Active substances are able to prevent protein synthesis in disease cells. The structure of Terzhinan includes the following components:

  • neomycin sulfate,
  • prednisone,
  • ternidazole,
  • nystatin.

In pregnancy, suppositories are used only after the second trimester. The drug can provoke side effects. These include redness of the genitals, a feeling of dryness inside the vagina and urticaria. The duration of drug treatment is determined by the severity of the disease. On average, it is from one to three weeks. The capsule of Terginan is inserted into the vagina at bedtime.

Pimafucin and Natamycin

Both means have similar properties, since their action is aimed at combating colpitis, which is caused by fungi. The drugs contain natamycin and do not have a toxic effect on the body. They are allowed to use during feeding and carrying a child. Natamycin and Pimafucin prescribed for inflammation of the vaginal mucosa, triggered by trichomoniasis or candidiasis. The cost of medicines is almost the same - about 250 rubles.

Betadine and Vokadin

These suppositories combines the content of povidone-iodine. Such an active substance has antiseptic action on the mucous surface of the vagina. Preparations are forbidden to use with individual intolerance to the components, endocrine diseases, pregnancy and breastfeeding. Treatment of colpitis carries out for 10 days. The appearance of a local reaction in the form of burning and soreness is considered a reason to stop therapy. Rare side effects include bleeding. The price of drugs is about 400 rubles.

Polygynax

The drug is included in the category of combined medicines. Its composition is represented by natamycin, polymyxin B sulfate and neomycin. The drug is often prescribed in preparation for gynecological procedures and labor. With colpitis, daily administration of one capsule is prescribed for 10–20 days. In order to prevent poliginaks used for six days.

There are two possible options for release: 12 and 6 capsules. In the first case, the price is 630 p., In the second - 370 p. At the beginning of use you can detect side effects. Stop treatment in this case is not necessary. Contraindications include lactation, pregnancy and predisposition to allergies.

Livarol and Clotrimazole

Both drugs differ in active substance. Suppositories Livarol are made on the basis of ketoconazole, and the active component of clotrimazole is the same name. Both means effectively cope with colpitis, developed on the background of streptococcal and staphylococcal infections, and as a result of the reproduction of fungi of the genus Candida.

The optimal period of treatment with candles is 10 days. The use of drugs is not recommended in early pregnancy. Side effects occur in rare cases. These include vaginal mucosa dryness, itching and pink discharge. The cost of drugs varies: the price of Clotrimazole does not exceed 100 p., And the packaging of five candles Livarola is 480 p.

This remedy is prescribed with colpitis caused by age-related changes. Its action is based on the content of hormones. The active ingredient of the drug is exogenous estriol. Age-related colpitis is accompanied by a violation of the excretory system, itching and structural changes in the mucous membrane. Medicament eliminates existing symptoms and strengthens local immunity. Contraindications include:

  • thrombophlebitis and a tendency to varicose veins,
  • breastfeeding period and pregnancy
  • uterine bleeding,
  • high blood clotting.

Estriol treatment is quite long. In the first 30 days, candles are inserted into the vagina daily. In the following month each week, you must use two capsules. It is important to use suppositories according to the prescribed scheme. The cost of estriol ranges from 900 to 1100 rubles.

General recommendations

If the disease is caused by gonococci, then tetracycline antibiotics are indicated. When fungal infections prescribe Orungal or fluconazole in the form of suppositories. Trichomonas are eliminated with the help of Trikhopol and Metronidazole. To restore the microflora prescribe Bifidumbacterin or Acilact.

To speed up the healing process and avoid recurrence of the disease, doctors recommend that you follow the following principles:

  1. During treatment must wear comfortable underwear from high-quality natural materials.
  2. It is important to comply with hygiene standards. Washing genitals is carried out at least twice a day. At bedtime, you should use daily sanitary pads, as part of the suppository may leak out, soiling linen.
  3. Desirable include dairy products, vegetables and fruits in the diet.
  4. If colpitis is caused by a fungus or infectious disease, treatment must go through and sexual partner women.
  5. When symptoms reappear should not delay with referring to a gynecologist.

Conclusion

Candles from colpitis should be selected, focusing not on the reviews, but on the nuances of the course of the disease. If the tool has helped one person, not the fact that it will cure another. If an allergic reaction to the medication occurs, an alternative substitution is selected.

Do not neglect the use of oral agents. Effective treatment of obesity should be comprehensive.

Advantages of candles over other forms of drugs

Candles - the production form of the production of drugs, at home they can be replaced with tampons with ointments, solutions, including from traditional medicine. Suppositories are widely used in medical practice, especially in gynecology, urology, proctology. They have a lot of advantages over pills and injections of drugs. The main ones include:

  • The vaginal mucosa has a very developed network of blood vessels. Therefore, the rate of drug entry into the bloodstream is comparable to intramuscular injection.
  • Laying suppositories, you can not worry about any complications of the introduction. This is a painless procedure.
  • The organoleptic properties of candles are not important, as they do not have to taste.
  • Using candles, you can create the maximum possible concentration of the drug in the vagina. This will help avoid the development of drug resistance and increase the effectiveness of treatment.
  • Dissolving and acting on the mucous membrane in the vagina, candles do not put a strain on the liver, since there is no need to process the drug to the active form.
  • On suppositories, various adverse reactions are significantly less common, since they undergo a transformation in the body less.

But not always for effective treatment is enough to use only suppositories. Chronic forms of inflammation in the vagina, as well as many specific colpitis, require the prescription of antibacterial and antimicrobial drugs in the form of tablets or injections.

We recommend to read an article about colpitis during menstruation. From it you will learn about the influence of the disease on the menstrual cycle and the nature of the discharge, the causes of colpitis and its treatment.

And here more about Trichomonas colpitis.

Features of the choice of vaginal candles with colpitis

Colpitis can be divided into three types: specific, due to the activation of conditionally pathogenic flora, and atrophic. Each has its own treatment, which is aimed at eliminating the factors that provoke inflammation. Only taking into account the peculiarities of the occurrence of colpitis can one choose the most effective treatment regimens. For this, it is important to undergo a full examination, which will establish all the nuances of the course of the disease in a woman.

Non-specific

Occurs with the activation of opportunistic flora. Normally, such bacteria can be found in small quantities in vaginal secretions. Under certain conditions, they begin to actively proliferate, thereby causing dysbiosis and inflammation. Most often it is strepto-and staphylococcus, E. coli, Klebsiella, yeast and some others.

After that, you can begin treatment. At the same time it is often enough to use only candles locally. The basic principles of treatment of nonspecific colpitis are as follows:

  • Candles with antimicrobial, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory action. It can be drugs based on antiseptics (chlorhexidine, iodine, Hexicon, etc.). In some cases, it is preferable to make a choice in favor of suppositories with antibiotics or a complex action. It all depends on the clinical picture and the severity of inflammation.
  • For the subsequent restoration of the vaginal microflora it is recommended to use candles based on lactic acid bacteria. The range of drugs is large, the choice is at the discretion of the doctor and the woman.

Specific

Specific colpitis differs in that it is caused by a specific pathogen. These can be bacteria, viruses, protozoa, etc. Most often faced with the following:

  • chlamydia
  • mycoplasmas
  • ureaplasmas
  • Trichomonas,
  • gonococci
  • pale treponema (causes syphilis),
  • human papillomavirus and herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2 types and others.

With specific colpitis candles - an addition to the main treatment. For complete eradication of infection, it is necessary to use antibacterial and antimicrobial drugs systemically (in the form of injections, tablets for internal use, etc.). If you use only candles, you can reduce the manifestations of inflammation, but it is unlikely to get rid of the disease completely. In such situations, there is a high risk of the disease becoming chronic and the development of complications.

At the end of the course of the main treatment, the result should be fixed using candles with lactic acid bacteria. So you can prevent the occurrence of bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis and other forms of violation of the vaginal flora.

Atrophic

Synonyms of atrophic colpitis - senile, senile. Occurs in women in menopause or after removal of both ovaries at any age. The main reason for the development of atrophic colpitis is a lack of estrogen, which results in thinning of the vaginal mucosa and its increased trauma, a sharp decrease in the number of Dederleyn sticks, and a decrease in mucus. As a result - pain, discomfort, dryness in the area of ​​the external and internal genital organs.

Treatment of atrophic obesity will only be effective if hormones are added to the basic regimen at the lowest dosage. It can be both oral forms (for example, Femoston), and suppositories with the addition of estrogen.

Look at the video about colpitis in women:

What candles in gynecology are the best from colpitis?

Often, preference is given to complex candles, which include several active ingredients. As a rule, it is an antifungal, antimicrobial, antibacterial component, and also a hormone. This combination can quickly remove the main disturbing symptoms of obesity (itching, burning, pain, and others).

The average duration of treatment with suppositories is 7 to 14 days, while in most cases it is enough to put one suppository for a night.

The most effective and popular are the following:

Independently difficult to choose the right candles. Only the doctor can pick up the most effective and safe.

For the treatment of atrophic colpitis, the estrogen component is included in the candles. Among the most effective and popular are the following:

  • Gynoflor E, in addition to estriol, additionally contains lactobacilli. This allows you to achieve maximum efficiency for the course of treatment. But their price is around 1000 rubles for 6 candles. Usually the course includes a week or two, for prophylaxis it is necessary to use these suppositories once in 6-12 months even without complaints.
  • Ovestin contains estriol. For 5 pieces you will have to pay about 400 rubles. Full analogues of drugs - Estriol, Estrovagin.

The best candles from vaginitis: reviews

One of the most common gynecological diseases is vaginitis. The reason for it is most often the penetration of microorganisms into the vagina, which cause inflammation of the mucous membrane. Most often these are conditionally pathogenic bacteria - staphylococcus, Escherichia coli, proteus. They cause the so-called non-specific vaginitis.

Inflammation can also occur from the development of specific infections: trichomoniasis, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis. The cause of vaginitis can also be fungi and viruses. All of them cause a violation of the vaginal microflora and the development of the inflammatory process. Therefore, candles from vaginitis are the best means of treatment, as they effectively destroy the bacterial flora.

Features of treatment of vaginitis

The main goal of the treatment of this disease is to restore the impaired vaginal microflora. With the destruction of pathogenic bacteria, mucosal inflammation gradually subsides. But for successful recovery it is necessary to use complex treatment. And candles from vaginitis - its main way. They not only destroy the infection, but relieve inflammation and itching, as well as restore the destroyed microflora. Together with antiseptic solutions and systemic preparations candles quickly help to cope with vaginitis.

What are the candles

Preparations for vaginitis should be selected depending on the type of pathogen. According to this feature, all candles from vaginitis can be divided into several groups:

    for bacterial vaginitis, antibiotic drugs are used: Metronidazole, Dalacin, Terzhinan and others. For the treatment of candidal vaginitis, suppositories with antifungal components are shown: Nystatin, Clotrimazole, Mikonazol, Levorin, with atrophic vaginitis, which usually occurs on the background of hormonal imbalance, is prescribed special drugs: “Ovestin”, “Ortho-Ginest”, “Estriol”, “Estrokad”; “Pharmatex”, “Panteks Oval” or “Contraceptin are used to rehabilitate the vagina and prevent inflammation T, for restored Lenia vaginal flora after antibiotic treatment used candles with probiotics, such as "Bifidumbacterin".

How to choose candles for treatment

There are a lot of such drugs in pharmacies now. And often women who need to buy candles from vaginitis, what to choose, do not know. Sometimes drugs are purchased on the advice of girlfriends or a pharmacist. But this can not be done in any case. The body of each individual, and vaginitis can be caused by different microorganisms. Therefore, only the doctor after the examination can select the desired drug.

Contraindications and side effects of such drugs

Vaginitis candles contain strong chemicals, often antibiotics. Therefore, they can affect not only the vaginal mucosa, but also the neighboring organs and tissues. And it is not recommended to use them with individual intolerance and in the first third of pregnancy. If a woman has an allergic reaction to one or more components of the drug, its use can cause unpleasant side effects:

    burning and itching, swelling of mucous membranes and redness, the appearance of secretions, common allergic reactions: runny nose, sneezing, rash.

Vaginitis Candles: Rating

Based on clinical studies and feedback from doctors and patients, you can make a list of the most effective drugs. Their popularity depends on the action, ease of use, lack of side effects and prices. By these signs, several of the most common funds are allocated.

    “Terzhinan” is a broad-spectrum drug. It has antibacterial and anti-fungal effects. It is explained by its composition. The drug contains nystatin, neomycin, ternidazole, prednisone. Due to the large number of serious chemical components, it is recommended to use "Terzhinan" for no more than 10 days. "Polygynax", except for nystatin and neomycin, contains dimethyl polysilosan gel. This substance not only contributes to faster penetration of active ingredients, but also effectively restores the vaginal mucosa. Therefore, it is the most popular vaginitis candles. Patient reviews indicate that after their use, phenomena such as itching and inflammation quickly disappeared. Metronidazole has been popular for many years due to its low cost and effectiveness in many infections. This remedy not only fights bacteria, but also stimulates local tissue defense reactions. Klion D is active against fungi, bacteria and other microorganisms. "Hexicon" has the least side effects, therefore allowed for use even during pregnancy. The advantage of its use is that it does not suppress the useful vaginal microflora. "Clotrimazole" is quite a popular remedy. It quickly relieves itching and irritation, but can cause side effects and addictiveness of microorganisms to it.

Rules for the use of vaginitis candles

Depending on the type of pathogen, as well as on the individual characteristics of the patient, the doctor prescribes the dosage and method of use of candles. It is recommended to wash the vagina and external genital organs before treatment. Usually candles are used 1 time per day at night. After all, they dissolve in the vagina and can flow when walking. With inpatient treatment, you can use them twice a day. But after setting the candle, it is advisable to lie for a couple of hours. If a woman suddenly missed one time, the next day you should continue the treatment according to the previous scheme. The procedure for the introduction of candles is best done in the supine position with legs bent. So the drug penetrates deep into the vagina.

The duration of treatment is also determined by the doctor. 1-2 weeks is usually enough. But in severe cases, therapy may last for 3-4 weeks. Sometimes it is required to repeat the treatment after the break to avoid recurrence of the disease. For more effective getting rid of the infection, it is recommended to conduct a course of treatment with a sexual partner.

Candles during pregnancy

Vaginitis in women carrying a child is not uncommon. After all, local immunity is reduced, the vaginal microflora is broken. Therefore, when infection occurs, inflammation immediately develops. But during pregnancy, not all drugs can be used, even if they have a local effect. Especially you need to be careful in the first trimester, when all the vital organs of the baby are laid. Before starting treatment for vaginitis during pregnancy, it is necessary to conduct a survey and determine the causative agent. It is best to use candles that act specifically on a particular type of pathogen. But you can use drugs and complex effects. Most often, during pregnancy, such candles are prescribed for vaginitis: “Hexicon”, “Terzhinan”, “Klion D”, “Ginalgin”, “Neo Penotran”.

Candles from vaginitis: reviews of doctors

Such drugs are prescribed for inflammatory diseases of the vaginal mucosa most often. Doctors like that they act quickly and effectively, and almost do not cause side effects. Most often, complex candles for vaginitis are prescribed. Reviews of experts say that Poliginaks, Terzhinan and Hexicon work better. When the vaginitis caused by the fungus, doctors like to prescribe "Clotrimazole", "Klion D" or "Candide".

We need candles from colpitis: how to understand the pharmacy assortment?

Colpitis - inflammation in the vagina, which can occur as a result of the infectious process, and because of allergies, reduced immunity, etc.

A significant role in the treatment of such conditions is given to the use of candles. Such topical treatment has many advantages over systemically acting drugs.

What are the features of the choice of vaginal candles? Can it be inexpensive yet effective?

Means for restoration of biocenosis

Upon completion of the main treatment, it is recommended to undergo a course on the restoration of the vaginal microflora.

This is due to the fact that after exposure to antimicrobial and antibacterial agents, the mucosa remains “empty” for some time, until Dederlein’s sticks do not increase their number to the required number.

To speed up this process and consolidate the effect obtained, candles are used to restore the vaginal biocenosis. Among the most popular are the following:

  • Laktozhinal - candles with lactic acid bacteria. The cost for 10 suppositories is about 600 rubles.
  • Bifidumbacterin contains bacteria of the same name adsorbed on particles of coal. In the form of candles - 90 rubles for 10 pieces.
  • Vaginorm C - candles based on ascorbic acid. The cost of 600 rubles for 10 suppositories.

Candles to stimulate immunity

In the treatment of some colpitis, especially with viral lesions, drugs are required to strengthen one's own immunity in the fight against infection. The most commonly used candles for this purpose are:

  • Kipferon, includes several types of interferon. The price is about 600 rubles for 10 pieces.
  • Genferon contains only alpha interferon. Cost 270 rubles for 10 candles.

We recommend reading an article on the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. From it you will learn about the causes and stages of the development of the disease, symptoms and methods of treatment.

And here more about the cheesy discharge before menstruation.

Candles - a reliable and effective method of treatment of colpitis. Suppositories have many advantages over other forms of drugs and are widely used in gynecology.

But inflammation in the vagina often reflects the processes occurring throughout the body, so the use of only candles can translate the disease into a chronic form. Any treatment regimen must be agreed with the doctor.

Only a specialist after the examination can prescribe the most appropriate and effective therapy.

The list of drugs that are used to treat colpitis

The goal of treatment of colpitis in women is to eliminate the trigger of the disease, the manifestation of unpleasant symptoms, and also to prevent the development of complications. Medicines for vaginitis can be applied topically, or can be ingested by oral, systemic administration.

Surgical intervention, as well as the placement of the patient in the hospital, is usually not required. An exception is the colpitis, which developed against the background of chronic genital infections (especially gonorrhea, syphilis).

Before you get acquainted with the list of drugs used to treat vaginitis, you must remember that without identifying the true cause of the problem, it is advisable to use external (preferably completely natural) means. It is better not to take antibiotics and synthetic hormones without medical supervision.

Antibiotics for the treatment of vaginitis

Antibiotics should be chosen by the doctor, individually for each patient, based on the clinical situation, test results. But in modern realities, when potentially dangerous drugs are advertised on TV and are sold in a pharmacy without a prescription, combined means are most often used.

In clinical practice, combination antimicrobial drugs are used only for the treatment of serious gram-negative bacterial infections. But broad-spectrum antibiotics are also chosen by women who for some reason could not seek qualified medical care.

This approach leads to the fact that in the short term there is indeed a quick recovery. However, no one thinks about the possible development of resistance.

If a person constantly uses aggressive antibiotics, then the pathogens simply stop responding to the medication. That is why it is recommended to pass the necessary tests, to identify the trigger vaginal and pass individually selected monotherapy.

Clindamycin

This broad-spectrum antibiotic is available in the form of:

  • Pills
  • Vaginal suppositories
  • Pellets for making syrup,
  • Solution for injection,
  • Outer gel.

Clindamycin in the form of suppositories (trade name Clindacin) is used to treat colpitis. A standard course of therapy lasts 7 days, provided that the patient injects one candle per day.

No less effective and vaginal cream (trade name Dalatsin, Clindacin), which also need to be administered once a day (at bedtime) in the amount of one measuring cap.

Important! Pregnant women (especially in later periods) are not allowed to be treated with Clindamycin, as there is an increased risk of preterm birth. But in the early stages of the use of the drug significantly exceeds the risks to the fetus.

The antibiotic is especially effective for the destruction of aerobic and anaerobic streptococci (except enterococci). Clindamycin inhibits the growth of bacteria and is excreted by the liver and kidneys.

Metronidazole (trade names: Trichopol, Metrogil)

This antibiotic is actively used to fight against various anaerobic bacteria and protozoa. Drug release forms:

  • Powder for preparing injection solution,
  • Suspension,
  • Vaginal capsules,
  • Oral tablets.

Standard treatment regimen: taking tablets in a dosage of 500 mg 2 times a day for 7 days. In coordination with the doctor, therapy is supplemented with the daily administration of candles in the amount of 1 pc. per day. However, unauthorized treatment according to this scheme can lead to an overdose.

Metronidazole is especially effective in vaginitis, triggered by Gardnerella, trichomonads.

A special antifungal antibiotic, which is considered the most benign among the described means. Forms of release of Nystatin:

Due to the fact that the drug has a sparing effect on the body, the standard duration of therapy is increased to 14 days. Candles are inserted into the vagina 2 times a day (morning and evening) after hygiene.

It is recommended to include tablets for vaginitis in the course of therapy only if inflammation has reached the walls of the internal organs. In this case, the minimum dosage is: one pill 4 times a day. The maximum allowable dosage: 10 tablets per day.

When menstruation to interrupt the course of treatment is not necessary. But from sexual intercourse (especially without a condom) is better to refuse. Nystatin is usually used to treat vaginitis caused by a fungal infection.

If the disease developed after sexual contact with a single partner, it is recommended to treat the man. To do this, apply the ointment: 2 times a day for 14 days, the glans penis, foreskin is processed.

Antiseptic drugs for the treatment of colpitis

It is not advisable to treat colpitis in women with antiseptics alone, since external treatment of the vagina will only relieve symptoms. Even if all the unpleasant symptoms of the disease disappear completely, the trigger itself will remain in the body.

Available in the form of vaginal tablets. Duration of treatment is 6 days. It is necessary to introduce one suppository 1 time per day (before bedtime).

A distinctive feature of Fluomizin is that it can be safely used throughout the entire period of pregnancy. However, you need to make sure that the cause of the disease are bacteria that are sensitive to the action of dequalinium chloride (the active ingredient of the medicine for colpitis).

Miramistin

It is a gentle analogue of a common antiseptic called Chlorhexidine. Miramistin is available in the form of:

  • Irrigation solution (with a special long nozzle),
  • Ointment.

But chlorhexidine can be found in the composition of candles Hexicon (with colpitis and vaginal suppositories are the best form of application).

Directly with a solution irrigate the vagina daily (for 14 days) every 2 hours. Vaginal swabs soaked in 50 ml of Miramistin can also be injected. Change 2-3 times a day (do not leave for the night).

Hexicon can also be purchased in the form of a solution and injected into the vagina 5-10 ml 2 times a day. However, it should be noted that, unlike Miramistin, a solution of Chlorhexidine in Hexicon may provoke itching and burning. Therefore, it is much more convenient to use candles in the amount of 2 pieces. per day for 10 days.

Miramistin, Chlorhexidine, Fluomizin not only eliminates the main symptoms of vaginitis, but also accelerates the process of restoring normal vaginal microflora.

Other drugs used in the treatment of colpitis

Atrophic vaginitis can be cured with hormone preparations. Before prescribing this type of medication, the physician must ensure that the disease is actually caused by a decrease in estrogen levels. Usually, a similar diagnosis is made for women who have entered menopause. Synthetic estrogen is available in the form of:

  • Pills (trade name Proginova)
  • Gels (Divigel, Estrozhel),
  • Vaginal rings (NovaRing).

Due to the fact that the ring itself can provoke vaginitis, its use should be abandoned. Application of gels without hygiene can also be complicated by infection. Therefore, the optimal form of medication for the treatment of atrophic colpitis are tablets.

The exact dosage and regimen of Proginov's application are selected by the doctor, based on the results of the hormogram. According to the instructions, the maximum daily dose of the drug is 2 mg.

In a separate group is to make antifungal agents that have a fungicidal effect. The mechanism of action of such drugs is to change the permeability of the membranes of fungal cells.

Miconazole suppositories (main component: miconazole nitrate) are suitable for intravaginal therapy. The drug is effective in the fight against fungi, gram-positive bacteria. The course of treatment lasts at least 7 days. To achieve a therapeutic effect, 1 suppository is administered 1 time per day (at night).

Note! For women who have not been tested and who do not know the exact cause of obesity, pharmacists often recommend Neo-Penotran suppositories. The drug contains miconazole and metronidazole, and really allows you to get rid of the disease. Однако нужно учитывать, что такое лечение, проводимое «вслепую» чревато частыми рецидивами.

Комбинировать разные группы средств может только врач. Independently it is necessary to apply only antiseptics, or to eliminate unpleasant symptoms with the help of natural products.

Symptoms and treatment of colpitis (vaginitis) in women

The microflora of the vagina performs important functions and protects the woman's body from penetrating a variety of infections. There are many factors that affect a woman’s health, which can cause malfunctions. From this article you will learn all about what is colpitis, what are the symptoms and treatment of this disease, what are the signs of the development of pathology and what are the causes of the disease.

What is colpit

Colpitis is a widespread inflammatory disease that affects the vaginal mucosa. In another, the disease is called vaginitis.

Most often, the pathology develops in women of childbearing age. Although the problem is mainly diagnosed in adults, the disease is possible in children up to 10 years old and earlier. The peak incidence among children is at six years of age. Sometimes even elderly patients or menopausal women are given such a diagnosis.

Note! The severity of colpitis depends on the causes of the inflammatory process and on age.

Candles for colpitis in gynecology

To treat colpitis, candles for treatment must be with such an active substance that affects the cause of the disease. For this, a pre-treatment examination is prescribed: a smear on the flora and bacteriological seeding. It is these tests that allow the doctor to prescribe adequate treatment. The causative agents can be viruses, bacteria, specific sexually transmitted infections, allergic reactions and the fungus canlid, as well as age-related changes in epithelial cells due to a lack of female hormones after menopause.

Candles for colpitis Hexicon

This is a common drug among women. It consists of chlorhexidine digluconate and additional substances. It is an antiseptic drug that affects a wide range of bacteria and protozoa. Sometimes this medicine is used to prevent infection after sexual intercourse, which was not protected. But then the candle must be entered no later than 2 hours.

Candles Hexicon with colpitis help get rid of pathogenic bacteria with minimal risk for beneficial microflora. It has almost no negative effect on lactobacilli. But if a woman has purulent discharge, the Hexicon from vagitis will be weak in this situation.

The course of drug treatment is 7-10 days, a candle is inserted into the vagina 1-2 times a day. Sometimes there may be minor side effects. Can be used in the period of carrying a baby.

Terzhinan from colpitis

This is a well-known complex drug. Gynecologists Tzerzhinan from colpitis is often prescribed after consultation with complaints of symptoms of colpitis. It acts on several types of pathogens at once, which makes it possible to reduce the intensity of symptoms prior to their determination.

Candles contain antibiotic - neomycin sulfate, antifungal substance - nystatin, antimicrobial substance - ternidazole, anti-inflammatory hormone - prednisolone metasulfobenzoate sodium. In the treatment of colpitis, these candles also maintain the normal acidity of the vagina and preserve the integrity of the epithelium lining this organ.

It is necessary to use 1 time per day. The average duration of the treatment course is 10 days; upon receipt of results confirming candidal vaginitis, treatment continues up to and including 20 days.

Vocal

The active substance of the drug is povidone iodine. The main action is antiseptic. Actively fights many viruses, bacteria and candidiasis. The reason for its infrequent use is a large number of contraindications. For violations of the thyroid gland, you need to pay particular attention to contraindications, since iodine can provoke another pathology.

Nystatin

Urgently required when candidal colpitis is treated. Candles for this purpose must be used with the content of antifungal drugs. Nystatin is one of the active drugs that helps eliminate the development of the fungus and its effect on the vaginal walls.

In addition, this drug also has an antibacterial effect. It can not be used during pregnancy, gastric ulcer, pathology of the functioning of the liver, intolerance to the drug, at the age of children under one year. Used up to 2 weeks, take 1 time per day.

Macmiror

It is also an effective and combination drug. They have a detrimental effect on bacteria, protozoa. It is often used in the detection of specific and non-specific colpitis.

Pimafucin

This is a well-known antifungal medicine. Candles quickly suppress their development, reproduction. They help a woman to forget about colpitis as quickly as possible and better.

Colpitis treatment: candles to restore microflora

It is extremely important in the event of vaginitis to restore the vaginal microflora. This condition is a complete recovery. That part of the positive bacteria, which died under the action of pathogenic microorganisms, must be restored by drugs. The sooner this is done, the sooner a woman can feel the taste of life again.

Acylact

Contains acidophilic bacteria that compensate for the lack of bacteria inside the body. It is necessary to use means on 1 candle a day.

Bifidumbacterin

Such candles when vaginitis helps to fill the lack of bifidobacteria. Often they are prescribed as an additional therapy when antibiotics, antimicrobial and antifungal agents are used.

Candles for colpitis in women inexpensive can be found for treatment. It all depends on the composition and manufacturer. The same active ingredient can sometimes be found in different preparations with a large difference in price. Therefore, knowledgeable people go to pharmacies not for the medicine, but for the active substance in the medicine.

So that a woman often does not have colpitis, she is sometimes prescribed vitamin complexes to raise her immunity. Also, candles with bacteria raise local immunity, which is the prevention of diseases of the female genital organs.

When allergic reactions candles are often not put, often used antiseptics in solutions for douching. The main therapy is antihistamines and the replenishment of beneficial microorganisms on the mucosa. An important condition for treatment is the hygiene of women. Before each insertion of the candle, it is necessary to rinse the vaginal cavity for the best absorption of the drug.

Forms of colpitis

In gynecology at the moment there are several forms of the development of the pathological process.

Among them are the following:

  • Acute colpitis in women. Often has a bright clinic and makes a woman turn to a specialist. With adequate and timely treatment, recovery is fast.

  • Chronic colpitis in women. Pathological process that occurs as a result of inadequate treatment or its complete absence during the acute process. The development of resistance of microorganisms to the means of therapy, as well as insufficient activity of the immune system
  • Colpitis during pregnancy. This is one of the most common inflammatory diseases in pregnant women. This is due to hormonal changes and the natural decrease in the protective properties of the body. In case of acute occurrence of the process, as well as severe course, complications may occur. As a result of colpitis, women may experience intrauterine infection of the fetus, increase the risk of premature birth or the risk of miscarriage, and there is a risk of severe inflammation in the postpartum period.

Causes of atrophic vaginitis in women

Atrophic colpitis is also called senile, as it is most common in women in adult or senile age. The main reason for the development of the pathological process is a decrease in the level of estrogen.

It is this main female hormone that helps preserve the main microorganisms of the vagina - lactobacilli. And also contributes to adequate regeneration of the mucous membrane, due to the production of nutrient-glycogen.

There are several root causes for estrogen deficiency:

  • Most often is the natural menopause.

  • Removal of one or two ovaries simultaneously, if one ovary is removed, the remaining one begins to work in the enhanced mode, but there is a probability of a rapid depletion of the reserve. In women from this group, menopause, as a rule, occurs earlier than normal.
  • Impact on ovarian tissue, and therefore, on the ovarian reserve, by irradiation. This can occur in the treatment of malignant tumors of the female genital organs, as well as systemic radiation therapy. Chemotherapy has a similar effect.
  • Drug interruption of ovarian function.
  • Various kinds of metabolic disorders. These include not only endocrinological diseases of the ovaries, but also systemic lesions such as diabetes mellitus, thyroid pathology, etc.
  • Inadequate hygiene of the external genital organs, wearing synthetic underwear, as well as the use of cosmetics and medicines to improve the quality of sex life.

The causes of the development of Trichomonas colpitis in women

The cause of Trichomonas colpitis is specific. The pathogen is a representative of the pathogenic flora for the vagina, a source of sexually transmitted diseases.

This is genital Trichomonas, a microorganism that has flagella. The pathogen easily dies in the environment, so the only current mode of transmission is sexual, through unprotected sexual intercourse.

One of the provoking factors may be a general weakening of the immune system, as well as a local decrease in the protective factors of the body.

Causes of candidal colpitis in women

Candida colpitis - This is one of the most frequent inflammatory changes in the vagina. The pathological factor is the fungi of the genus Candida. Currently, they are conditionally pathogenic.

Normally, it is part of the microflora of the vagina of a healthy woman, but under certain conditions it begins to show its negative properties. The provoking factors include diseases that reduce immunity, various metabolic pathologies.

The most common diseases currently are diabetes and HIV infection.

Sometimes this pathology occurs with improper nutrition, when foods with a high content of sugar and simple carbohydrates predominate in the diet. They are the breeding ground for the fungus.

The physiological state of pregnancy can also become a provocateur. In which there is a decrease in the protective properties due to hormonal disorders.

Causes of nonspecific colpitis in women

Since non-specific colpitis is the most common in frequency, most women of reproductive age are susceptible to it. In this case, inflammation is expressed by a change in the ratio in both the qualitative and quantitative ratio.

Provocative factors may be:

  • Unprotected sex
  • Genital trauma
  • Hormonal disorderswhich may be physiological, during pregnancy.
  • Hygiene violation, wearing dirty underwear, the use of synthetic materials that cause irritation and excessive sweating of the mucous.
  • Overuse of contraceptive chemicals, and also long courses of antibacterial therapy.

Causes of senile colpitis in women

The factors causing age-related colpitis are not specific, in many respects they are associated with hormonal decline in the body:

  • Usually, in old age, insufficient hygiene of the genital organs occurs.
  • Many people suffering from this pathology have limitations in physical activity, use diapers as a hygienic means.
  • In addition, some women face the problem of prolapse of the genitals and urinary incontinence. There is a reflux of urine into the cavity of the vagina and the reproduction of pathogenic flora.

The specific symptoms of inflammation of the vagina in women depend on the type of pathogen.

But the general should include:

  • Allotment. They are most concerned about women. Most often become pathological. Volume exceeds the norm. The consistency can be very liquid, reminiscent of watery, as well as thick from cream-like to curd. The color almost always changes, they can remain light, but include yellow or green streaks. If the mucous membranes are damaged, the color may turn brown or white with red streaks. This is the most dangerous sign. Accompanied by inflammation in the vagina in women and the unpleasant smell of these secretions.

  • Sensations of itching and burning. This reaction of the body greatly disturbs women, sometimes even disrupts their lifestyle. Sometimes the doctor can detect scratching in the area of ​​external sexual characteristics. With constant scratching, the mucous membrane begins to swell gradually, in some cases the entrance to the vagina can be significantly narrowed.
  • Pain syndrome is almost always present in this disease. It can occur during normal life, and is provoked by sexual intercourse. In the latter case, this is due to damage to the inflamed mucosa.
  • Disorders of urinationoften associated with the involvement of the urethral mucosa in the pathological process due to the close anatomical relationship. Manifested in the violation of urination, the development of pain, especially at the end of urine. Many women note the imperative urge to urinate.
  • Inflammation of the vagina can cause feverUsually, this reaction is caused by a severe pathological process. Local temperature rise is almost always found.

The severity of symptoms depends primarily on the severity of the pathological process. They are most pronounced in acute, first-time pathological process. With inadequate treatment, the main symptoms may subside, the woman often stops paying attention to them.

Diagnosis of colpitis in women

Typically, diagnosis does not cause difficulties among doctors:

  • This requires the initial questioning of women about the presence of complaints, the appearance or absence of pathological symptoms. It is important to clarify the history data, such as information about sexuality, ways to maintain hygiene of the genital organs, the presence or absence of somatic diseases and pathologies from the reproductive system.

  • The next step is the inspection, it can be both external and carried out with the help of mirrors. The condition of the mucous membrane is being assessed; in inflammation it most often has a red or hot pink inflamed shade; in case of a strongly pronounced process, contact bleeding can be observed.
  • Discharges are a serious pathological symptom.. Normally, they should be moderate, of a light or transparent color and mucous consistency. With the development of inflammation, their volume exceeds the allowable, the consistency may become liquid or, on the contrary, thick, flocculent. For a more accurate assessment of the pathological process a woman does not need to take hygienic procedures before taking. After examination, the doctor must take the contents of the vagina for smear examination.
  • Laboratory diagnostic methods. These include:
    • Microscopy of the contents of the vagina. This method determines the content of epithelial cells, leukocytes, as well as the presence of specific bacteria or fungi. The method is not always informative. When the contents of the vagina are washed away, a smear can give an inadequate picture of the pathological process.
    • Sowing the contents to identify the pathogen and determine sensitivity to antibacterial agents. The method allows you to choose the most accurate method of treatment.
    • PCR diagnostic method. They carry out not only the exact identification of pathogens, but also calculates the quantity. In modern medicine is very informative and popular, but its cost is now high. Cytological examination is carried out using a special brush, which takes away cellular material. After microscopy, an inflammatory change in the vaginal cells is detected.
  • Instrumental methods. Currently, the only instrumental method for diagnosing inflammation of the vagina in women is colposcopy. For this, a mucous membrane is examined under a microscope, if there are pathological formations on the surface, then a more precise examination of them with the help of special samples is required.

Treatment of inflammation in the vagina in women consists of several stages:

  • First of all, it is the destruction of pathogenic flora, with the subsequent restoration of vaginal normobiocenosis.
  • Mandatory next step is to strengthen the immune system.

It is necessary for the period of treatment to refrain from sexual contact, even protected. Since in this case the mucous membrane of the vagina is more exposed to friction. As a result, the inflammation is exacerbated.

Meals should be complete, contain sufficient amounts of vitamins and minerals. Рекомендуется ограничивать прием острой и соленой пищи. Если воспаление вызвано грибковым поражением, то в данном случае необходимо ограничение сладких продуктов в питании.

Минусом большинства препаратов являются побочные действия. Often drugs cause severe intoxication, subsequently causing complications of the kidneys and liver. To prevent the side effects of such drugs, we want to pay attention to special phytoampons. Read more here.

As much as possible you need to eat fresh fruits, vegetables, as well as meat and dairy products.

If during laboratory diagnostics a specific infection is detected, the treatment is carried out not only for the woman, but also for all sexual partners who have a connection with it.

Remedies for colpitis in women

Etiotropic treatment consists of antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral and antiparasitic agents. It can be both systemic and local.

By the means of systemic action in the treatment of colpitis in women are drugs that are produced in the form of solutions for injection or tablets for oral administration. Local remedies include candles, tablets for the vagina, as well as creams and gels.

Much attention is paid to the means to restore microflora. These include drugs based on ascorbic acid and bifidobacteria, in particular, the lactobacilli necessary for the vagina.

Among these drugs currently can be identified as follows:

  • Laktozhinal
  • Vaginorm C
  • Bifidumbacterin
  • Bifiform

To the means to strengthen the immune system should include:

  • Immunostimulants
  • Immunomodulators
  • Physiotherapy

Candles in the treatment of colpitis in women

In addition to the general effect of colpitis, topical preparations are also used; they are produced in the form of candles, vaginal tablets or creams.

The most popular candles for the treatment of colpitis are:

  • Hexion. Universal remedy that has a disinfectant effect. The active ingredient of this drug is chlorhexidine, a known antiseptic. This drug is effective against bacterial flora, fungi and some viruses. Candles can be used not only to treat colpitis in women, but also to prevent infections after unprotected sexual intercourse. Hexicon is also prescribed as a means of sanitizing the vagina in women before childbirth, medical abortions and surgical interventions in the vagina and on the cervix. The treatment consists in using candles intravaginally twice a day, the course of treatment is 7-14 days, the duration will depend on the severity of the process and the severity of symptoms. The drug is approved for use during pregnancy and lactation. From contraindications at present, only individual intolerance to the components is highlighted. An adverse reaction may be itching and burning in the vagina.
  • Pimafucin An effective antifungal agent that has long been used in gynecology in the treatment of colpitis in women caused by the fungus of the genus Candida. The drug is approved for use during pregnancy and lactation, as a very small part of the drug enters the blood. The course of treatment may be different, depending on the degree of dissemination of the vagina by the fungus. So, in case of accidental detection of the fungus in smears, 3 or 6 candles are used. The course of treatment can last up to 21 days, thereby affecting several development cycles at once. The drug is contraindicated if cases of individual intolerance to the drug were previously recorded.
  • Betadine. New, and at the same time very effective drug for the treatment of colpitis in women. The active substance is iodine. The tool has anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties. Helps fight off pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa. The tool has a wider range of contraindications, among them not only individual intolerance to the components of iodine, but also pregnancy after 2 months, breastfeeding and various diseases of the thyroid gland. The course of treatment is usually 10 days. In case of hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, including itching and burning in the vagina, it is necessary to switch to another means or complete the course of treatment.
  • Polygynax. A modern, effective drug with a combined mechanism of action, capable of eliminating both bacterial and fungal infections in women with colpitis. The advantage of its use is the preservation of lactobacilli, beneficial bacteria for vaginal biocenosis. Restriction in the use of funds for the treatment of colpitis in women is the first trimester of pregnancy, breastfeeding and individual intolerance to any component of the composition. The course of treatment is 6-12 days. The drug is easy to use, as it introduces only one candle per day. Do not be afraid if after the first two applications there is a feeling of itching and burning in the vagina. This may be a natural reaction to the destruction of pathogenic flora, but if the symptoms continue and then it is worth refusing treatment and seek medical help.

Treatment of colpitis in women folk remedies

For the treatment of colpitis in women at home, folk methods are very often used, among them preference is given to local remedies.

Effective baths, tampons or douching solutions obtained:

  • One of the most popular remedies in the treatment of colpitis is pharmacy chamomile. A decoction is prepared from it, which has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, is effective even in allergic diseases. To prepare the broth, take a dry pharmacy chamomile and steam with boiling water, cover with a towel to keep warm, so the broth is infused for an hour. After that, the cooled solution is used for douching. The duration of treatment is usually 7 days. Frequency of use up to 3 times per day.

  • Oak bark decoction is no less popular means of treatment of colpitis in women. Prepare it from a dry mixture, which is poured boiling water and heated for 10 minutes in a water bath. After that, the solution is cooled and used with tampons or douching. The course of treatment is about 5-7 days.
  • Well proved and broth celandine. But it should be remembered that in high concentrations it exhibits toxic properties and may cause a burn. Therefore, only a weakly concentrated solution can be used. The method of application is mainly chosen in the form of insertion of tampons. The treatment is carried out with a course of no more than 5 days. Celandine has a good anti-inflammatory effect, as well as disinfecting.
  • Honey has a good local effect.For this, a tablespoon of honey is placed inside a gauze pad and inserted into the vagina or used inside. It is better to perform the manipulation at night, so the honey will gradually dissolve and exert its effect on the mucous membrane. Duration of use of this product is at least 14 days. The frequency of side effects is very low. It should be used with caution in people with a history of allergic reactions. Completely exclude people who have already been allergic to bee products.

  • A universal treatment for many inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs is calendula, The plant has a powerful anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating action, suitable for use in people prone to allergic reactions. For therapeutic purposes, it is necessary to buy an alcohol solution in a pharmacy, dilute it in boiled water and use it as tampons, injecting it into the vagina overnight. The duration of use is an average of 5-10 days, depending on the severity of the pathological process. Also, this tool can be used for preventive purposes.
  • To relieve itching, dosing with soda solution is also used; for this, baking soda is dissolved in warm water. Do not use too concentrated solution. It is able to slightly reduce inflammation, but is more used as a means of symptomatic therapy, as it copes well with itching.

Reviews of women on the treatment of colpitis:


Prevention

Specific prevention of colpitis does not exist.

To prevent the onset of becoming ill or becoming chronic, several rules should be kept in mind:

  • First of all, these are the rules of personal hygiene. To wash the external genitalia should be no more and at least 2 times a day. A greater number of flushing is possible during intercourse with ejaculation in the cavity of the vagina.

  • From cosmetics it is better to use hypoallergenic composition.which does not contain irritating substances. It is better to buy a specialized tool in the form of a mousse or gel, you can use a children's composition.
  • Do not often use douching, especially with special means to clean the cavity. This will lead to a complete disruption of microflora. There is also the risk of causing an additional infection or causing a burn.
  • Avoid casual sex., especially without the use of protective equipment. These include only a condom. No spermicidal agents, which are chemical contraceptives, prevent a woman from getting infection.
  • Do not change sex partners often, since even a change in the bacterial composition, an individual for each person can sometimes be pathogenic.
  • In people prone to allergic reactions, contact with potentially hazardous substances should be avoided.
  • Linen must be selected mainly from natural materials.better if it is cotton. It is also impossible to select a narrow, constraining underwear. It is necessary to give preference to such models of pants as slipy or shorts, thongs should be excluded from the wardrobe as much as possible.
  • Food should be balanced. Limit the use of sweet, spicy and salty.

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What kind of candles to treat colpitis?

As a rule, the treatment of colpitis is aimed at eliminating the causative agent of the inflammatory process, be it a sexually transmitted infection, a fungus, a staphylococcus, and so on. Since the causes of colpitis are many, respectively, and the choice of candles from him is not less.

The modern pharmaceutical market offers a huge range of vaginal suppositories for the treatment of colpitis. They differ in price policy, composition, the country - the manufacturer and so on. Therefore, often before a woman is a choice, what kind of candles for colpitis prefer. In this matter, in the first place, you need to focus on the causative agent of the disease, and here you cannot do without consulting a specialist and passing the necessary tests.

Consider a little more detailed names of candles from colpitis, and in what cases they are used.

From nonspecific colpitis and so-called thrush most often use candles with the following names:

  • Polygynax (used 6-12 days, 1-2 vaginal capsules per day),
  • Terzhinan (fairly common candles from colpitis, apply 1 candle at night for 10 days),
  • Meratin-Combi (1 candle, 10 days)
  • Mikozhinaks (the course of treatment of colpitis with these candles is 6-12 days),
  • Nystatin, Miconazole and others.

Candles from Trichomonas colpitis:

  • Metronidazole, as well as from the same series Klion, Efloran,

  • McMiror complex - candles against colpitis, with a wide spectrum of action,
  • Hexion - often these candles are prescribed for colpitis.

This is not a complete list of vaginal candles from vaginitis. All of them have their own characteristics and are selected individually. Since it is often one of the main contraindications is the period of pregnancy and lactation, being in the position, you should especially pay attention to the use of local therapy.

In general, summing up, we can say that the treatment of vagitis in women with candles is quite effective. It helps not only to get rid of the causative agent of inflammation, but also relieves the symptoms of colpitis (burning sensation and itching, unpleasant discharge). But only with the right selection.

Causative agents of the disease

Inflammation of the vaginal mucosa can occur as a result of the penetration of foreign microflora, which consists of various pathogenic microorganisms. If the infection is brought in from the outside, they talk about a specific type of vagitis. The causative agents of pathology in this case may be:

  • mycoplasma
  • gonococcus
  • chlamydia
  • Candida mushrooms,
  • Trichomonas,
  • viruses.

They say about nonspecific vaginitis when opportunistic microflora has entered the woman’s body from outside, and she herself was the carrier of the infection. Pathogenic microorganisms are present in small quantities in the vagina of a healthy woman, but with the combination of a group of factors, active reproduction begins. Such pathogens can provoke bacterial colpitis:

  • streptococcus,
  • Staphylococcus,
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa,
  • E. coli.

Some hope that gynecological problems will pass on their own, without the use of adequate treatment methods. Although self-healing cases occur, it is a rare occurrence. This is possible only with the development of non-specific forms of colpitis and under the condition of strong immunity.

It is worth being careful if the symptoms suddenly disappear. Regardless of whether vaginitis appeared in girls, or it is colepit after childbirth, the disappearance of signs of the disease does not mean healing. Pathology can turn into a latent sluggish form, and in consequence, cause aggravations.

Causes of colpitis

As already mentioned, the main reasons for the development of colpitis is the colonization of the vaginal microflora pathogenic microflora. It is against the background of these factors that inflammatory disease develops in women of reproductive age. Most often the infection is entered through sexually. In this case, it is not necessary that a woman should lead a hectic life.

When the pathology is determined in a child, the cause is usually infections that enter the genital tract from the digestive tract. Pathogens of inflammation can be staphylococci, streptococci, or even pinworms. In most cases, self-infection occurs.

Vaginitis in menopause also predominantly develops due to non-sexually transmitted infections. Often colpitis is accompanied by thrush. Severe forms of the disease usually develop under the condition of the presence of comorbidities or pathologically aggravating factors.

Risk factors

Certain factors can give impetus to the development of the inflammatory process:

  • lack of thorough intimate hygiene,
  • the presence of genital infections
  • many sexual partners
  • excessive hygiene, frequent douching,
  • thyroid problems
  • wearing close synthetic underwear,
  • genital trauma,
  • changes in hormonal levels, for example, during pregnancy,
  • menopause,
  • cancer,
  • radiotherapy,
  • the presence of HIV in the body,
  • long-term use of antibacterial drugs,
  • use of hormonal drugs
  • allergies,
  • lack of vitamins
  • a history of abortion or miscarriage
  • diseases of the digestive tract,
  • use of intrauterine contraceptives,
  • unbalanced nutrition
  • difficult childbirth
  • ovarian dysfunction,
  • transferred curettage of the uterus.

Regardless of the factors that provoked the development of colpitis, it is necessary to get rid of it as soon as possible.

Classification

Classification of colpitis includes several types of the disease and each has its own characteristics. The following are the ones that are most commonly found in gynecological practice:

Trichomonas colpitis is caused by the simplest microorganisms, Trichomonas. Infection is most commonly transmitted sexually. Less likely to become infected, you can use general household items with a sick person. When pathology is detected at an early stage, it is easy to cure the disease. To make a diagnosis, it is usually sufficient for the doctor to examine the patient and hear complaints.

Candida colpitis occurs as a result of active reproduction of pathogenic fungi of the genus Candida. Its distinctive symptoms are white cheesy discharge and severe itching. You can become infected as from another person, as it is simply against the background of a decrease in one’s own immunity and a change in the qualitative composition of the microflora.

Atrophic colpitis is associated with changes in hormonal levels in a woman’s body. When estrogens are not produced in the right amount, the vagina changes. Sometimes these phenomena are associated with age-related changes. There are pains during sexual intercourse, the woman feels dry and discomfort. Treatment of senile vaginitis (senile) is carried out using hormones.

According to the nature of the flow of vaginitis, there are two forms:

Rarely develops allergic vaginitis. In this case, the disease has a non-infectious nature and develops as a result of contact with the allergen. Therapy is carried out after determining the irritant factor and excluding contact with it.

Purulent discharge occurs in women only with the development of non-specific forms of vaginitis. With specific colpitis, such phenomena, as a rule, do not occur.

Symptoms of the disease

The sooner it is possible to recognize the first signs of the disease, the faster you can begin to treat a woman. You can not neglect the development of such symptoms:

  • burning sensation in the vagina,
  • itch
  • pain during intercourse,
  • minor erosion,
  • copious discharge, sometimes purulent or frothy,
  • unpleasant smell
  • swelling of the vagina,
  • hyperemia of the skin around the vagina,
  • irritability caused by persistent itching
  • insomnia,
  • periodic pain in the pelvis,
  • frequent urination,
  • subfebrile condition.

Important! Even infectious diseases can not always be expressed by fever, so the symptoms can not be neglected.

Vaginitis can be dangerous if it is not repaired. Pathology simply goes into a latent form, but can lead to unpleasant complications, including infertility. Therefore, it is important that the doctor is convinced that the colpitis is completely cured.

Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of candles from colpitis

Active ingredient of candles Betadine Povidone-iodine, which is an antiseptic and a strong bactericidal substance, leading to cell death and spores of bacteria and protozoa. In candlelight, chlorhexidine in the same way behaves chlorhexidine dicluconate.

The active substance of suppositories Metranidazole, an antibiotic 5-nitroimidazole, is effective in anaerobic bacterial and bacteroid infections, Gardnerella and Mobiluncus. Interfering with the synthesis of nucleic acids in the DNA cells of microorganisms, the drug causes their death. Practically the same mechanism of action (at the level of DNA damage of microbial cells and Trichomonas cells) in Dalacin suppositories (which include the antibiotic clindamycin), Neo-Penotran (metronidazole + miconazole), Serconazole and antiprotozoal suppositories Trichomonacid.

The pharmacodynamics of suppositories for colpitis, HYNOMAX, are due to the two active ingredients thioconazole and tinidazole. The first violates the processes of intracellular metabolism at the level of the cytoplasmic membranes of Candida fungi, and the second penetrates directly into the cells of Trichomonas and anaerobes and disrupts the amino acid sequence and replication of their DNA.

Nystatin refers to polyene antibiotics that have a devastating effect on the water-electrolyte balance in Candida alb cells. Natamycin - the active substance of candles Natamycin - is also a polyene antibiotic macrolide. The drug also inhibits the synthesis of protein components in the cell membranes of fungi, stopping their reproduction. The action of nystatin in candles MacMiror enhances nitrofuran derivative - a synthetic antibacterial substance nifuratel, which causes a disturbance in the oxygen uptake by microbial cells and leads to a complete loss of their viability.

The main component of Vagikal suppositories is Calendula, which has salicylic and pentadecyl acids in its composition, which have bactericidal properties with respect to streptococcal and staphylococcal infections.

The pharmacokinetics of some vaginal globules have simply not been studied by manufacturers. Most of the active ingredients that make up candles from colpitis do not enter the blood. However, after topical administration of dalacin, about a third of a single dose of the antibiotic clindamycin within three days enters the systemic circulation, but its overall effect on the body, as experts note, is insignificant.

Neo-Penotran is also absorbed by the blood in minimal amounts and is completely excreted in the urine with metronidazole, but miconazole does not enter the systemic circulation at all.

Contraindications

Chlorhexidine and Betadine can not be prescribed for increased sensitivity of the body to the active substances of these funds.

The use of suppositories Metronidazole and Neo-Penotran is contraindicated with a reduced level of leukocytes in the blood and pathologies of the central nervous system of an organic nature.

Gainomax is not used in the presence of diabetes, as well as in the first trimester of pregnancy and during lactation.

The use of candles for colpitis during pregnancy depends on the specific drug. So, candles from colpitis Betadine, Metronidazole, Dalatsin, Trichomonacid, Gainomax cannot be used by pregnant women. Genisol candles are not used in the first trimester of pregnancy, and Neo-Penotran in the second and third.

There is no safety information for pregnant women. Serconazole, nystatin suppositories are permissible in the treatment of pregnant women only with extensive fungal lesions of the genital organs - under strict medical supervision. When prescribing McMiror candles, the doctor should evaluate the ratio of the potential benefits for a pregnant woman with the degree of possible negative impact on the unborn child.

Chlorhexidine and Pimafucin do not have contraindications during pregnancy.

Side effects

Side effects of candles Metronidazole can be expressed in the form of urticaria and pruritus, vomiting and nausea, pain in the abdominal cavity, increased dryness in the mouth, changes in taste (taste of metal in the mouth), problems with the work of the intestine and gall bladder. In addition, weakness, headache and dizziness are not excluded.

The use of candles Dalatsin may be accompanied by irritation of the mucous membrane of the vagina, itching and a rash on the skin, the development of thrush, menstrual disorders and urination.

Irritation of the mucous membranes is observed in the case of the use of such vaginal suppositories as Trichomonacid, Gynomax, Chlorhexidine, Ginesol and Neo-Penotran. In addition, Neo-Penotran suppositories can cause headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and taste and taste disturbances.

Candle names from colpitis

It is necessary to list the main names of candles from kolpita presented today in the domestic pharmaceutical market, in brackets are the options for trade names of drugs:

  • Betadine (iodoxide) antiseptic candles, prescribed for nonspecific colpitis, as well as for candida form of the disease.
  • Metronidazole (Flagil) antiprotozoal suppositories are used for colpitis, the etiology of which is associated with Trichomonas and gardnella.
  • Candles Dalatsin (Clindacin, Kleocin) belong to the antibiotics of the lincosamide group, are effective in bacterial coxitis and vaginosis.
  • Neo-Penotran is a combined remedy for many types of microbial infections (including gram-positive microbes) and protozoa based on the antibiotic metronidazole and the antifungal drug Miconazole.
  • Sertaconazole (Zalain) (imidazole + benzothiophene), candles with fungal colpitis.
  • Ginezol - candles with miconazole from candidal colpitis.
  • Trichomonacid candles for the treatment of trichomonas colpitis.
  • Candles Haynomax can be used for various forms of obesity, primarily caused by non-specific infection and Trichomonas vaginalis.
  • Chlorhexidine (Hexicon) - antiseptic vaginal suppositories used in nonspecific, trichomonas, as well as mixed colpitis and vaginitis.
  • Nystatin (Antikandin, Fungicidin, Fungistatin, Mikostatin, Nistafungin) - antifungal agent, polyene antibiotic.
  • McMiror - antifungal and antiprotozoal globules (nystatin + nifuratel).
  • Natamycin (Pimafutsin) antifungal candles with polyene antibiotic.
  • Vagikal bactericidal and anti-inflammatory phyto-candles.

Dosage and administration

All candles from colpitis are applied intravaginally, that is, inserted into the vagina:

  • Betadine for one or two candles per day, a course of treatment for 7 days,
  • Metronidazole - either once or twice a day (morning and evening), the course of treatment is 10 days,
  • Dalatsin one candle per day (at night), a course of treatment for three days. McMiror is applied in the same way, but for a week. Trichomonacid one candle per day for 10 days.
  • Gainomax and Serconazole are administered one candle on the first day of treatment, and then one week later.
  • Candles Neo-Penotran, Ginesol and Natamycin should be administered one at a time, for 7-14 days (Natamycin - 3-7 days).
  • Globuli Chlorhexidine is inserted into the vagina twice a day for a week or longer (as prescribed by the attending physician). And Vagikal is usually used 2-3 times a day (one candle each), and the duration of use does not exceed 10-12 days.

As reported in the instructions for these drugs, given their local use, overdose is unlikely.

Interactions with other drugs

Hinomax enhances the effect of indirect anticoagulants (to reduce the risk of bleeding, reduce the dose by 50%) and the effect of ethanol (disulfiram-like reactions). Compatible with sulfonamides and antibiotics.

Candles Neo-Penotran are incompatible with the use of alcohol-containing beverages, and the parallel use of anticoagulant preparations may increase the clotting time. You cannot use these candles at the same time as Cimetidine used for exacerbation of gastric and duodenal ulcers (Gastromets, Supramet, Ulzeratyl, etc.), as this may cause serious adverse reactions from the CNS.

Chlorhexidine does not apply simultaneously with iodine.

Storage conditions

Candles Nystatin should be stored in a place protected from light and moisture, at a temperature not exceeding + 5 ° C. At a temperature of + 18-25 ° C, Metronidzole, Dalacin, Chlorhexidine, Serconazole, Macmyrhore, Neo-Penotran suppositories should be kept.

Shelf life: Metronidzol, Ginezol - 4 years, Dalatsin, Makmiror and Neo-Penotran 3 years, Trichomonacid, Guynomax, Serconazole, Chlorhexidine for 24 months.

Diagnostic measures

The first examination that is carried out by a gynecologist is an examination of a woman in a special chair with the help of mirrors. The doctor will see diffuse redness, notice the looseness of the tissues, swelling and pinpoint hemorrhages. With neglected forms of the disease, slight erosion is possible. Some of the clinical signs can be seen in the photo.

The doctor will take a smear for analysis to determine the composition of microflora and the presence of pathogenic microorganisms. Then he will palpate the uterus to determine its position, the degree of tension for the development of complications.

In addition to inspection, diagnostics include:

  • polymerase chain reaction,
  • colposcopy
  • general blood and urine analysis
  • blood test for genital infections.

After receiving all the data, the doctor will be able to assess the patient's condition and issue a prescription with the most effective drugs.

Postmenopausal

Cytological studies confirmed the diagnosis of atrophic colpitis: a sharp decrease in the number of surface cells was noted. Ignoring the existing circumstances for the development of a secondary infection (the presence of an estrogen deficiency), a decrease in the titer of lactobacilli, an inflammatory reaction characteristic of women of reproductive age, was absent. In the results of bacterioscopic analyzes of secretions, the number of leukocytes was not higher than 8-10 in the background. Were identified in a small number of colonies of conditionally pathogenic microbes: E. coli 104-105, Enterococcus 103-105, Peptostreptococcus 104, St.aureus 103-105, an elevated pH of 6.7-7.0, low tide maturity of the vaginal epithelium to 38. Configuration microcenosis did not go beyond the scope of atrophic colpitis. The data recognizes the guesswork of the development of devices of defense of the urogenital tract from the development of a secondary infection than in the reproductive age.

Causes of the onset and development of the disease. The inner walls of the vagina are lined with stratified squamous epithelium, which is a kind of "target" for estrogens. If the level of estrogen in the blood begins to decline, then there is a gradual thinning of the epithelium. This leads to a significant decrease in cells that contain glycogen - the main nutrient for lactobacilli.

To determine the effectiveness of measures taken using the methods:

Colpitis can be divided into three types: specific, due to the activation of conditionally pathogenic flora, and atrophic. Each has its own treatment, which is aimed at eliminating the factors that provoke inflammation. Only taking into account the peculiarities of the occurrence of colpitis can one choose the most effective treatment regimens. For this, it is important to undergo a full examination, which will establish all the nuances of the course of the disease in a woman.

When choosing suppositories for the treatment of specific colpitis, the causative agent and its sensitivity to the drug should be taken into account. These may be monocomponent suppositories or combined. The latter is preferred when a combination of several pathogens, as well as with concomitant dysbiosis, thrush, etc.

due to the lack of a full update mucous exhausted,

  • inject a tampon dipped in fresh aloe juice into the vagina overnight
  • A decoction of herbs clover, licorice root, rosehip, mint, sage (1 tbsp. Spoon) pour a glass of boiling water and infuse for one and a half hours. Take filtered broth to 3 times a day, 50 ml.

    For older women, it is important to include in their diet as much fermented milk products as possible, which will make up for the lack of beneficial lactobacilli responsible for the vaginal microflora.

    Development mechanisms

    If specific colpitis is detected, taking into account the pathogen, additional etiotropic local therapy is carried out. With frequent urination, urinary incontinence, uroseptics may be indicated.

    Rhodiola rosea 100 grams of dried rhodiola pour a liter of water, boil on a quiet fire for 10 minutes. After the broth has cooled, strain it, and use for taking a sedentary bath for half an hour twice a day. Baths can be replaced with vaginal irrigation with a half-liter pear. It is important that the decoction enters the vagina on the back wall, not to create pressure fluid. The position for the procedure is supine.

    The aim of the work was to study the medical performance of Vagikal suppositories while curing atrophic colpitis in women of the menopausal period. Materials and methods. 35 women under the supervision of 58 - 70 years of age with clinical manifestations of acute colpitis were under supervision. Conducted initial clinical examination of patients, microbiological studies, reserial, advanced colposcopy. In all patients, sexually transmitted infections were excluded at the beginning, and bacterioscopy of vaginal secretions was performed. To identify the severity of atrophic processes in the vagina, we used colpocytological methods of study: determining the meaning of maturity of the vaginal epithelium, the study of vaginal microcenosis. Vagikal was prescribed 1 suppository 2 times a day for 10 days.

    the presence of microcracks and areas without epithelium,

    Age-related changes in the female reproductive system give rise to the need to search for systemic, for example, local methods of treating involutive dystrophic tissue changes.

    vaginal bleeding. There is no specific antidote, the treatment is symptomatic.

  • human papillomavirus and herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2 types and others.
  • vaginal discharge, most often white, with blood and an unpleasant odor,

    Folk remedies

    In the case of treatment started on time, the prognosis is usually favorable: the woman’s discomfort disappears, microcirculation and vaginal wall tone are restored. And hormone replacement therapy allows you to maintain the level of estrogen at the required level.

    Dissolving and acting on the mucous membrane in the vagina, candles do not put a strain on the liver, since there is no need to process the drug to the active form.

    For more effective treatment, traditional methods can be supplemented with the use of recommended traditional medicine remedies.

    hormone replacement therapy is used, including the appointment of hormone replacement drugs of general and local action. However, quite often there are clinical situations where the prescription of synthetic estrogens and estrogen-like herbal preparations is contraindicated, or there are background diseases related to the category of estrogen-dependent ones. These include: breast cancer at present, a history or suspicion of cancer, estrogen-dependent malignant tumor, most often endometrial cancer, or suspicion of this type of tumor. Contraindications may be vaginal bleeding of unknown etiology, although, it should be noted, atrophic processes of the vaginal mucosa can also cause bleeding, including contact bleeding. An episode of arterial or venous thromboembolism in history also refers to contraindications to the use of estrogen-containing drugs, as well as liver disease in the acute stage or changes in liver samples. Changes in liver function tests are often observed in the presence of metabolic syndrome, fatty hepatosis, and type II diabetes.

    Using candles, you can create the maximum possible concentration of the drug in the vagina. This will help avoid the development of drug resistance and increase the effectiveness of treatment.

    processes they become the basis of the disease, which was previously called kraurosis of the vulva. This condition is characterized by persistent itching, resistant to various types of therapy with drugs containing sex steroids [3].

    Atrophic changes of the uterus lead to a change in the ratio of the sizes of its constituent parts: the neck to the body is contrasted as 2: 1. Such characteristics are also observed in childhood. When the process is started, the gynecologist is the fusion of the vaginal vaults.

      Prepare a very weak infusion of the herb celandine. Take a sip three times a day. Mix in equal proportions sage, mint, nettle, sweet clover, licorice root, Baikal skullcap, hips. A tablespoon of the mixture pour 200 ml of boiling water, infuse about 1.5 hours. Drink 50 ml 3-4 times a day. Take a daily bath with a rich decoction of Rhodiola Rosea. In the water for the baths, you can also add a decoction of juniper fruits. The duration of the procedure is from half an hour to 40 minutes. Cut off the leaves of aloe, squeeze the juice out of them, saturate a gauze pad with it and introduce it into the vagina. Keep up for the night. On the basis of peony flowers, prepare an alcohol tincture, add three tablespoons of the product to 500 ml of boiled, room temperature cooled water. The resulting solution to conduct daily douching.
  • If a woman is worried about severe itching, burning, then you can take a bath of Rhodiola Rosea decoction every day. If there are no allergic reactions, then you can add juniper to the composition.
  • 250 mg (half candle) per day for children from 3 to 8 years old,
  • Of the systemic drugs prescribed: estradiol, Angelica, klimodien, indivina, kliogest, tibolone. They are used in tablet form or in the form of patches. Hormone systemic therapy should be carried out for quite a long time - up to 5 years.

  • Irrigate the vulva with a decoction of oak bark, rose petals, St. John's wort grass, nettle leaves,
  • Alopecia of pubis, which indicates a violation of hormonal levels.
  • Also, it is impossible not to take into account the interaction of synthetic estrogens with drugs produced on the basis of Hypericum. It is also possible to enhance the pharmacological action of certain corticosteroids and theophylline. Symptoms of an overdose of synthetic estrogens are known: nausea, vomiting,

    In the case of such a diagnosis, the hospitalization of a woman is not required, treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis.

    Diagnosis of the disease in women

    In addition, doctors made recommendations that every woman should follow:

    flavonoids, saponins, carotenoids, triterpene alcohols.

    microscopic and cytological examination,

    Gynecologists say that the diagnosis of atrophic colpitis (the symptoms and treatment of women will be described below) can be made not only because of injuries, but also if the basic rules of hygiene are not followed. Wearing synthetic underwear, ignoring the morning and evening dress - the most common reason that leads to the development of pathological processes in women in old age.

    Atrophic colpitis, symptoms and treatment in women, features of the course, the presence of chronic diseases forced doctors around the world to look for options for non-hormonal therapy.

    The most effective and popular are the following:

    on 500 mg (1 candle) per day for children from 8 to 14 years.

    The following categories of women are most susceptible to the disease:

    During a gynecological examination, the doctor always sees the inflamed, red vaginal mucosa.

    Symptoms of atrophic colpitis

    Colposcopy - the study of vaginal tissues using a special probe allows you to trace the nature of changes in the vessels of the mucous membrane, the expansion of capillaries.

    A case of arterial or venous thromboembolism in history is still possible to attribute to contraindications to the use of estrogen-containing substances, as well as liver disease in the acute stage or changes in liver samples. Configurations of liver tests are often enough in the presence of metabolic syndrome, fatty hepatosis, sweet diabetes II in the same way. Contraindications include functional or recently transferred thromboembolic arterial diseases: angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, which is considered to be a fairly frequent condition in women in the menopausal stage. It is still impossible not to take into account the interaction of synthetic estrogens with products developed on the basis of Hypericum. Tightening of the pharmacological effects of some corticosteroids and theophylline is likely. Symptoms of an overdose of synthetic estrogens are popular: nausea, nausea, vaginal bleeding. There is no peculiar antidote, healing is symptomatic.

    Atrophic colpitis usually manifests 5 years after the onset of menopause, and is accompanied by a symptom complex of pain in the vagina during intercourse, discomfort, bleeding.

    Calendula preparations have a calming effect on the central nervous system, reduce blood pressure.

    Senile colpitis is diagnosed by the following methods:

    vagina. As a result of an epidemiological screening in an organized population of 800 women aged 40-71 years, it was found that the first symptom that occurs in 21.4% of women in perimenopause is a feeling of dryness in the vagina. It is believed that this is associated with impaired blood circulation in the vaginal wall, which contributes to the development of atrophic processes against the background of estrogen deficiency not only in the vaginal mucosa, but also in the choroid plexuses, muscles of the vaginal wall. Reducing the vascular network leads to a decrease in oxygen pressure in it, changes in the synthesis of cytokines and growth factors. Synthesis of endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is stimulated by hypoxia created under conditions of estrogen deficiency. Exactly

    after pelvic radiation therapy.

    Before the candle is inserted into the vagina, it is necessary to douche with solutions of baking soda, chlorhexidine, nitrofural, or chain and chamomile infusions. After syringing, insert a candle deep into the vagina and put on clean underwear that is not a pity to get dirty. This is due to the fact that the candle in the vagina melts and flows out a little. After the introduction of the suppository into the vagina, you need to lie in bed for about half an hour.

    Pathology is associated primarily with a decrease in the level of estrogen in the body, leading to a significant thinning of the squamous multi-layered epithelium lining the inner walls of the vagina. The main symptoms of the disease are vaginal dryness, itching, dyspareunia. Often there is an inflammatory reaction of a recurring nature. Atrophic colpitis affects approximately 40% of women in menopause. (see "What is menopause in women")

    In parallel, tablets or patches are used for systemic treatment. Such exposure should be carried out within 5-6 years. Many gynecologists practice the use of phytoestrogens. The natural origin of such agents helps to restore hormones and reduce the unpleasant symptoms of the disease more quickly and efficiently.

    Their pharmacological effects are mutually complemented and guarantee an anti-inflammatory effect, accelerate the process of granulation and epithelialization, function fungistatic, cytotoxic, and also bring to life a protective function, an antibiotic, and also an immunostimulating effect.

    Candles Vagikal can also be used in the period of perimenopause, with the existing urogenital manifestations of estrogen deficiency, to prepare for operations with vaginal access.

    The study of pH balance in the vagina.

    The disappearance of lacto bacilli activates non-pathogenic flora that grows in the vagina. Frequent clinical signs of atrophic vaginitis are itching, dryness and burning in the vagina, recurrent vaginal discharge, volatilization, contact bleeding, the omission of the vaginal walls. As a result of an epidemiological screening in an authorized population of 800 representatives of the weaker sex at the age of 40 to 71, it has been established that the initial sign that occurs in 21.4% of women in perimenopausal women is a feeling of vaginal dryness.

    The main method of prevention is the timely detection of a decrease in the concentration of estrogen in the blood. To do this, you must regularly visit the gynecologist, who will prescribe the correct replacement therapy at the onset of menopause.

    exclusion of frequent sexual intercourse,

    Often, preference is given to complex candles, which include several active ingredients. As a rule, it is an antifungal, antimicrobial, antibacterial component, and also a hormone. This combination can quickly remove the main disturbing symptoms of obesity (itching, burning, pain, and others).

    One of the pathological conditions of the pre- and postmenopausal period is an atrophic ring of pit (vaginitis). The lack of estrogen in postmenopausal causes a stop of the proliferative processes in the vaginal epithelium, the thinning of the mucous membrane, which leads to its simple vulnerability and dryness.

    The duration of use of candles depends on the rate of recovery, and ranges from 1 week to 4 months.

  • intimate hygiene,
  • itch

    findings. Vaginal suppositories Vagikal can be successfully used in the treatment of atrophic processes of the vaginal mucosa in women of the menopausal period, especially with contraindications to the use of synthetic estrogen preparations. The clinical effect is to improve the trophic mucosa, reduce the pathological phenomena of angiogenesis, dryness, bacterial vaginitis. We can recommend longer courses of therapy, as well as prophylactic administration of the drug. Vagikal candles can also be used in the period of perimenopause, with existing urogenital manifestations of estrogen deficiency, to prepare for operations with vaginal access.

    wearing cotton underwear,

    The most frequent clinical symptoms of atrophic vaginitis are dryness, itching and burning in the vagina, dyspareunia, recurrent vaginal discharge, contact bleeding, wall prolapse

    Microscopic analysis records:

    after surgical removal of the ovaries,

    At least two times during the calendar year, a woman needs to visit a gynecologist for colposcopy, colpocytology and assessment of the pH of the vagina.

  • Comfortable and natural underwear. It should not only be beautiful, but also fulfill its main purpose - to protect the genitals from the direct penetration of pathogenic microflora, to warm in cold weather.
  • the natural growth of the vaginal epithelium is disrupted, with time it will be minimized,

    Dysbacteriosis in atrophic colpitis occurs against the background of a weakened immune system and local defense mechanisms of the vagina, as well as the penetration of bacteria into it from the external environment. The local inflammatory reaction lasts for several years with symptoms of periodic exacerbations and remissions, causing a chronic process.

    Senile (atrophic) colpitis - A disease associated with the inflammatory process in the vaginal mucosa. Other names: atrophic postmenopausal vaginitis, senile vaginitis.

    Atrophic colpitis, symptoms and treatment in women, the causes of the disease are directly dependent on changes in hormonal levels. In general, women begin to experience changes 3–6 years after menopause. Moreover, such manifestations are characteristic of both natural and artificial menopause. Women can receive such a diagnosis at child-bearing age if they have undergone surgery on the ovaries, underwent chemo- or radiotherapy.

  • pain during intercourse,
  • The main goal of treatment for senile colpitis is to restore the trophism of the vaginal epithelium and prevent the recurrence of the disease. The basis of treatment is local and systemic hormone replacement therapy.

    Among the most popular and effective recipes, doctors distinguish the following:

  • If, for any reason, the use of estrogens is contraindicated (for example, in the presence of such diseases as endometrial cancer, arterial or venous thromboembolism, breast tumor, liver pathologies, myocardial infarction, angina, bleeding of various etiologies), for the treatment of senile colpitis are used:
  • douching broth calendula flowers,

    Due to the thinning of the pelvic floor, the bladder tone is increased, which causes frequent urination or urinary incontinence, especially during exercise.

  • the secretion of glands located in the vagina is reduced,
  • burning,

    Among non-hormonal drugs are especially popular candles on the basis of calendula. The extract of this plant contains salicylic and pentadecyl acids. The use of these candles has a bactericidal, wound-healing, anti-inflammatory effect. Calendula also helps to calm the central nervous system, relieves high blood pressure.

    The disease is easier to prevent

    The goal of therapy for atrophic colpitis is to restore the trophism of the epithelial lining of the vagina and prevent the recurrence of vaginitis.

  • get rid of extra pounds
  • treat diabetes mellitus
  • The organoleptic properties of candles are not important, as they do not have to taste.
  • Perfectly helps with artificial menopause decoction of plantain leaves in the form of local baths. The broth is filtered and injected into the heat.
  • gynecological examination with the help of mirrors,

    As already noted, the disease most often appears on the background of the onset of menopause due to related changes in the body. Its first manifestations are mainly observed 5-6 years after the onset of menopause, both natural and artificial (resulting from some radical surgical interventions on the ovaries (for example, ovariectomy) or their irradiation.

    For prophylaxis, it is also possible to flush the external genitalia at least twice a day with the addition of potassium permanganate or sage infusion. However, such flushing should be carried out no more than four days, otherwise the woman may slow down the physiological recovery of the vaginal microflora.

    The effectiveness of the treatment of atrophic colpitis is monitored by conducting dynamic colposcopy, cytology, and vaginal pH-metry.

    Methyluracil is rectally used in dosage:

    Atrophic colpitis - an inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane of the vagina, which is triggered by a source of epithelium and a decrease in the concentration of estrogen in the blood.

    with hypothyroidism or diabetes,

      who have reached menopausal age or with early menopause, who have undergone surgery to remove the ovaries, have undergone radiation therapy of any organs located in the pelvic region, are carriers of human immunodeficiency virus, are suffering from hypothyroidism (diminished thyroid function), diabetes, other endocrine system diseases, having weak immunity. Aloe: this plant is a strong stimulator of biological processes, which helps to restore the mucosa with atrophic changes, as well as after treatment for sexually transmitted infections. The gauze pad should be soaked with fresh aloe juice and injected into the vagina overnight. As an option - you can use chopped aloe pulp, wrapped in gauze. When preparing a tampon, be sure to leave a long "tail" to easily remove it.

    The average duration of treatment with suppositories is 7 to 14 days, while in most cases it is enough to put one suppository for a night.

    Thus, a high therapeutic effect can be achieved, causing less harm to the body and not burdening the internal organs.

    Treatment of atrophic colpitis folk remedies

    The drug Vagikal appointed 1 suppository 2 times a day for 10 days. Control clinical studies were performed 12–15 days from the start of treatment. Also conducted a control microbiological study, pH-metry, extended

    In most cases, atrophic colpitis is prescribed to conduct replacement (local and systemic) hormone therapy (HRT).

    Used drugs of local action - ovestin, estriol in the form of ointments or suppositories. They are inserted into the vagina. Course duration is 14 days.

    But not always for effective treatment is enough to use only suppositories. Chronic forms of inflammation in the vagina, as well as many specific colpitis, require the prescription of antibacterial and antimicrobial drugs in the form of tablets or injections.

    the vulnerability of the vaginal walls increases,

    Methyluracil Candles

    Atrophic colpitis, symptoms and treatment in women, the development of pathogenic microflora can be determined independently at early stages. It is enough to pay attention to the signals that the body gives.

    frequent urination or false urges,

    In medicine, it can have several names: senile, postmenopausal vaginitis is an inflammatory process in the vaginal mucosa. According to medical statistics, during menopause, every second woman hears this disappointing diagnosis from the doctor. Every sixth child of childbearing age knows what atrophic colpitis is, symptoms and treatment in women.

    Juniper. Prepare a decoction of the fruits of juniper: two glasses of raw materials for three liters of water, boil for half an hour on a quiet fire, leave to cool.In the meantime, prepare a bath, the temperature of which should be around 38-39 ?. Strain the broth and add to the bath. Take juniper baths every day for 40 minutes. After that, it is useful to drink a mint infusion with honey.

    It is believed that all this is associated with impaired blood circulation in the vaginal wall, which undoubtedly helps the formation of atrophic processes against the background of estrogen deficiency not only just in the vaginal mucosa, but also in the choroid plexus, muscles of the vaginal wall. Reducing the vascular network leads to a decrease in air pressure in it, changes in the synthesis of cytokines and factors of take-off. Synthesis of endothelial take-off factor (VEGF) is stimulated by hypoxia created in the aspects of estrogen deficiency. Just as a result of hypoxia, there is an angiogenesis of the capillary network, leading to the development of a great number of the thinnest capillaries, which causes the intrinsic external picture of the vaginal wall in atrophic vaginitis, which is simply the resulting bleeding at any contact. Progressive hypoxia of the vaginal wall with a period leads to the appearance of peculiar ulcerations. The neck, the corpse of the uterus atrophy, and for postmenopausal it is considered appropriate to match the size of the body of the uterus and the neck of the uterus 1/2, which is similar to the correspondence in childhood [1]. Petechial bleeding is first mixed with an aseptic inflammatory course, but as the time of postmenopause lengthens, the accession of a secondary infection is quite likely.

    Age-related changes in the female reproductive system necessitate the search for both systemic and local methods of therapy for involutive dystrophic tissue changes. One of the pathological conditions of the pre- and postmenopausal period is atrophic colpitis (vaginitis). Lack of estrogen in postmenopausal causes termination of proliferative processes in the vaginal epithelium, thinning of the mucous membrane, which leads to its easy vulnerability and dryness. The disappearance of lactobacilli activates the non-pathogenic flora that grows in the vagina.

    How to treat atrophic colpitis

    The doctor may prescribe to take estriol in the form of suppositories or ointments. It must be inserted inside the vagina at night for two weeks.

    Among the most striking manifestations of doctors are the following:

    Colpitis - inflammation in the vagina, which can occur as a result of the infectious process, and because of allergies, reduced immunity, etc. A significant role in the treatment of such conditions is given to the use of candles. Such topical treatment has many advantages over systemically acting drugs. What are the features of the choice of vaginal candles? Can it be inexpensive yet effective?

    [3]. The leading methods of impartial diagnosis of atrophic vaginitis are: cytological examination, determination of the pH of the vaginal contents, extended colposcopic examination, microbiological examination.

  • extended colposcopy.
  • Examination of the smear under a microscope. Here the doctor will be able to determine the number of vaginal sticks, the level of leukocytes, the presence of pathogenic microflora.

    Women at risk:

    Daily hygiene procedures in the morning and evening.

    November 6, 2016

    in the area of ​​the pubis and labia, there are signs of baldness.

    Control of clinical studies was conducted after the 10-day course of regional therapy with Vagikal candles. First of all, it follows in the footsteps to designate a personal improvement in the health of the patients, the disappearance of the feeling of itching, vaginal dryness. The quality of life has increased significantly, due to the improvement of the sexual element, the inaccessibility of dispareunia. Patients noticed that the candles, not counting the therapeutic effect, worked as a lubricant during sexual life. Because the clinical signs of atrophic vaginitis are not associated with a change in vaginal microcenosis, but with age-related features of the configuration of blood flow in the vaginal wall, it is indisputable that the product also contains the result of improved microcirculation. It is also likely that the configuration of the vaginal microcenosis is considered a natural response to aging, and the normalization of flora after the use of Vagikal suppositories is considered more natural than any use of synthetic drugs or antiseptics. A control bacteriological study found a reduction in the colonization of conditionally pathogenic flora to titers of 102-103 degrees, with an extended colposcopy, the mucous membrane is shiny, pale pink, the vascular network is not developed, petechiae, no ulceration. Schiller's sample color is uniform, testing is weakly positive. Cytological examination demonstrated an increase in the number of surface cells. Findings. Vaginal suppositories Vagikal have all chances to be safely used in curing the atrophic processes of the vaginal mucosa in women of the menopausal period, especially having contraindications to the use of synthetic estrogen-containing substances. The clinical effect is to improve the trophic mucosa, reduce the pathological phenomena of angiogenesis, dryness, bacterial vaginitis. It is possible to advise more long courses of therapy, as well as a preventive purpose of the product.

  • Collection of herbs for the treatment of atrophic vaginal changes. Mix the following components: sage - 100g, clover - 100g, peppermint - 300g, licorice root - 100g, Baikal skullcap - 200g, rosehips - 300g, nettle - 200g. Prepare a decoction: 20 g of collection for 200 g of water, boil in a water bath for 20 minutes, leave to cool, strain. Take medication courses for two months, making a two-week break. Three times a day, drink a third of a glass 30 minutes before meals.
  • mycoplasmas
  • Involuntary urine with slight physical exertion.
      cytology, dynamic colposcopy, vaginal pH-metry.

    Since the capillaries of the vaginal walls are thin enough, at the slightest contact with a partner, bleeding may occur. In some cases, the woman noted the omission of the vaginal walls.

    The causes of colpitis

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    Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education Kharkiv City Clinical Maternity Hospital with NS

    Candles - the production form of the release of drugs, at home they can be replaced by tampons with ointments. solutions, including from traditional medicine. Suppositories are widely used in medical practice, especially in gynecology, urology, proctology. They have a lot of advantages over pills and injections of drugs. The main ones include:

    Do not have casual sex to avoid sexually transmitted diseases or the adherence of pathogenic microflora.

    What symptoms indicate the development of the disease?

    With specific colpitis candles - an addition to the main treatment. For complete eradication of infection, it is necessary to use antibacterial and antimicrobial drugs systemically (in the form of injections, tablets for internal use, etc.). If you use only candles, you can reduce the manifestations of inflammation, but it is unlikely to get rid of the disease completely. In such situations, there is a high risk of the disease becoming chronic and the development of complications.

    What does traditional medicine offer?

    The combination of high temperature environment with humidity in the Russian bath, helps to increase the intensity of metabolic processes in the skin and mucous membranes, stimulates the activity of the glands. This is due to the fact that under the action of high temperatures, smooth muscles relax, improves blood circulation and secretion. Subsequent immersion in cool water contributes to a sharp reduction in smooth muscles, narrowing of blood vessels. The repetition of these procedures contributes to the training of mechanisms that provide adequate tone and elasticity of tissues.

    Infection mechanism

    The basis of this treatment is local and hormone replacement therapy. In the courses of drug therapy used candles or ointments of local action. They are inserted into the vagina within 14 days.

  • pale treponema (causes syphilis),
  • Undergo regular hormonal studies starting at 35 years old. Many women do not even suspect that the amount of their hormones begins to grow or fall rapidly, until health problems begin. It is always possible to start hormone therapy in time and avoid such diseases.

    Specific colpitis differs in that it is caused by a specific pathogen. These can be bacteria, viruses, protozoa, etc. Most often faced with the following:

    Local preparations for the treatment of atrophic colpitis (estriol, ovestin) are introduced into the vagina as an ointment or suppository within 2 weeks. Means of systemic exposure (angelic, indivina, tibolone, klimodien, estradiol, kliogest) are used in the form of tablets or patches. Systemic HRT is designed for long-term continuous use (up to 5 years). In patients with atrophic colpitis it is also possible to use phytoestrogens - herbal drugs

    Traditional methods of treatment are prescribed in addition to traditional medical methods.

    due to hypoxia, angiogenesis of the capillary network is manifested, leading to the development of a large number of thinnest capillaries, which causes the characteristic appearance of the vaginal wall in atrophic vaginitis, easily arising bleeding during any contact. Progressive hypoxia of the vaginal wall with time leads to the appearance of characteristic ulcerations. The cervix, the body of the uterus atrophy, and the postmenopause is characterized by the ratio of the size of the body of the uterus and cervix 1/2, which is similar to the ratio in childhood [1].

    Dissatisfaction and hot pain, often occur with atrophic vaginitis, are justified by atrophic changes in the labia minora. At the same time with the development of pruritus, there are all chances to manifest sclerotic processes in the vulvar ring, and together with atrophic processes they become the soil of the disease, which was formerly called the vulvar craurosis. The indicated position is characterized by persistent itching, resistant to different types of therapy with products containing sex steroids.

    Schiller's test shows uneven weak staining.

    Candles with estriol, vaginal suppositories (ovestin, estriol) and antibacterial baths are prescribed from local remedies. When treatment should abandon salty and spicy foods, alcohol and sexual intercourse.

    You can use both synthetic estrogens and their plant analogues. In addition to the tablets, patches can be used from indivin, klimodiene, angelica, kliogest, estradiol.

    Treatment of atrophic obesity will only be effective if hormones are added to the basic regimen at the lowest dosage. It can be both oral forms (for example, Femoston), and suppositories with the addition of estrogen.

  • 1/3 cup 3 times a day decoction of licorice root, clover, rosehip, nettle, sage,
  • Broth celandine. From a small amount of a grass prepare broth. It is necessary to take this remedy with extreme caution, as the herb can cause severe poisoning. The regimens consist of drops of decoction, you need to start one drop 3 times a day, gradually increasing the dose by one drop every day.
  • elimination of stressful situations
  • redness of the vaginal mucosa,

    The main product of vital activity of lactobacilli is lactic acid, which maintains the internal acidity of the vaginal environment. With a decrease in the amount of glycogen, there is a gradual disappearance of colonies of lactobacilli.

    Materials and methods. Under the supervision there were 35 women aged 58–70 years with clinical manifestations of hay fever. Conducted initial clinical examination of patients, microbiological studies, pH-metry, advanced colposcopy. All patients had previously been excluded specific sexually transmitted infections, carried out bacterioscopy of vaginal secretions. To identify the severity of atrophic processes in the vagina, we used colpocytological examination methods: determination of the maturity value of the vaginal epithelium, the study of the vaginal microcenosis.

    Vaginal suppositories based on calendula extract - Vagikal, containing the active substance Calendula officinalis 150 mg, and a hydrophilic base are of clinical interest. A large amount of calendula extract allows you to get the maximum amount of active ingredients:

    Grishchenko O.V. Bobritskaya V.V. Ostanina V.I. Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education. Kharkiv City Clinical Maternity Hospital with NS

    Control clinical studies were performed 12-15 days after the start of treatment. A control microbiological study, pH-metry, extended colposcopy, colpocytology were also conducted. Results and consideration. In all patients of the clinical study group, the association of the pH value, the degree of maturity of the vaginal epithelium, and the correlation dependence between these indicators are clearly traced. It is known that vaginal cytology and the pH of the vaginal contents correlate with the level of estrogen of the blood plasma and have every chance to work with an impartial evaluation of the estrogen deficiency. During a gynecological examination and colposcopic examination, all patients have an atrophic change of the vaginal epithelium. Atrophic changes had a clear correlation of the duration of menopause. In women with menopause less than 5 years, dryness of the mucous membrane, areas of thinning, without a pronounced vascular network, areas of the inflammatory reaction were determined.

    During a gynecological examination and colposcopic examination, atrophic changes of the vaginal epithelium were found in all patients. Atrophic changes had a clear correspondence with the duration of menopause. In women with menopause less than 5 years, dryness of the mucous membrane was determined,

    Modern medicine can offer two treatment options: hormonal and non-hormonal.

    quitting smoking, drinking alcohol,

    2. Zaporozhan V.M. Ermolenko, T.O., Lavrinenko, G.L. Complex lіkuvannya atrophic vagіnіtu u zhіnok in postmenopause. Reproductive health of women. –№ 1 (17), 2004 С.3–5.

    And here more about Trichomonas colpitis.

    conditions are created for the penetration of pathogenic bacteria from the outside.

    The development of the disease can contribute to:

    Hormone therapy

    Petechial bleeding is first combined with aseptic inflammatory process, but as the time of postmenopause lengthens, secondary infection is possible. Dyspareunia in atrophic vaginitis is also considered as a consequence of hypoxia of the vaginal wall, and recurrent vaginal discharge in aseptic inflammation is explained by the possible appearance of lymphorrhea [2].

    Many women hear from their gynecologist a diagnosis: atrophic colpitis. Symptoms and treatment in women - what you need to know about it? Can serious complications develop?

    Traditionally, atrophic colpitis is diagnosed in older women, but is sometimes detected in women of the beautiful half of humanity of childbearing age.

    tincture on alcohol from peony flowers to use for douching.

    How to help yourself with traditional medicine?

    Stimulation by methyluracil of the intensive recovery process at the cellular level leads to the production of large amounts of protein in the body, which athletes use to gain muscle mass. In sports circles, methyluracil is ranked as anabolic substances, which accelerate muscle growth and weight gain.

    Itching and burning pain, often occurring with atrophic vaginitis, are due to atrophic changes in the labia minora.

    A woman may experience discomfort in the presence of atrophic vaginitis and note several signs in her:

    Women who have problems of the cardiovascular system (coronary heart disease, arterial hypertension) cannot attend a bath. Also, you can not go to the bath for those who have varicose veins or thrombophlebitis.

    Causing a rush of blood to the vaginal walls, the bath helps to slow down the genetically determined process of atrophy. High temperatures help fight nonspecific infection, which often becomes a companion of atrophic vaginitis. The use of low temperatures immediately after exposure to high stimulates the production of collagen, which helps to maintain the shape and tone of tissues.

    After this, the anus should be washed with water and dried with a soft, clean cloth. Take a comfortable position, wet your finger, which are going to insert a candle into the anus. Take one candle, and with a finger wetted in water, enter deep into the rectum. Wash hands after the procedure. Then you need to put on clean underwear that is not a bad thing to get dirty, since a small amount of candlestick composition, having melted inside the rectum, can flow out. After the introduction of the suppository, it is necessary to lie down for half an hour.

    Causes of vulvitis by the link here

    anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties.

    Gynecological examination - allows you to identify reddened and thinned vaginal mucosa with areas of atrophy, erosion, microcracks, bruising. When infection is traced gray bloom and pussy mucus.

    What treatment options does modern medicine offer?

    Occurs with the activation of opportunistic flora. Normally, such bacteria can be found in small quantities in vaginal secretions. Under certain conditions, they begin to actively proliferate, thereby causing dysbiosis and inflammation. Most often it is strepto-and staphylococcus, E. coli, Klebsiella, yeast and some others.

    Methods of diagnosis of atrophic colpitis

    Diagnose the development of inflammatory processes can be using these methods:

    Calendula tincture can be used for daily douching at any age and for various diseases. The unique anti-inflammatory properties of this plant help restore the normal microflora of the mucous membrane, eliminate pathogenic bacteria.

    Grishchenko O.V. Bobritskaya V.V. Ostanina V.I.

    Healing of atrophic colpitis is made from the restoration of trophism of the vaginal mucosa, in combination with a bactericidal effect. In the treatment of age-related dystrophic processes, hormone replacement therapy is successfully used, including the purpose of hormone replacement substances of joint and regional effects. However, clinical histories often appear when the purpose of synthetic estrogens and estrogen-like plant substances is considered contraindicated, or there are background diseases related to the level of estrogen-dependent ones. These include: breast cancer in real time, in the history or the assumption of cancer - estrogen-dependent malignant tumor, often endometrial cancer, or the assumption of this tumor picture. Contraindication has the opportunity to be vaginal bleeding of unknown etiology, but it follows in the footsteps to designate the atrophic processes of the vaginal mucosa have all the chances to be the cause of bleeding, including the number of contact ones.

    areas of thinning, without a pronounced vascular network, areas of the inflammatory response. In women with menopause 6 years or more, atrophic processes were observed with symptoms of an inflammatory reaction. Clinically, this was expressed in the pallor of the mucous membrane, its thinning, increased angiogenesis in the form of a vascular grid, ulcerations. Schiller's test was slightly positive, the staining was heterogeneous, with blurred outlines.

    do not use scented soap and gel,

    Given that the woman's normal function of the mucous membranes is disturbed, natural protection is minimized, bacteria can join at the slightest microtrauma. Many women mistakenly think that if they are not already having sex, they cannot get an infection or microtrauma. Violations of the mucous membrane can occur during medical examinations, manipulations.

    For atrophic vaginitis is characterized by a weak manifestation of symptoms and sluggish course. At an early stage, the disease is almost impossible to recognize. Minor pain may occur from time to time. As the pathological process develops, the following signs are observed:

    After that, you can begin treatment. At the same time it is often enough to use only candles locally. The basic principles of treatment of nonspecific colpitis are as follows:

    Since the clinical symptoms of atrophic vaginitis are not associated with changes in vaginal microcenosis, but with age-related features of changes in the blood flow of the vaginal wall, it is obvious that the drug also results in improved microcirculation. It is also possible that changes in the vaginal microcenosis are a natural response to aging, and the normalization of flora after the use of suppositories Vagikal is more natural than any use of synthetic antibiotics or antiseptics. The control bacteriological examination revealed a decrease in the colonization of conditionally pathogenic flora to titers of 102–103 degrees, with extended colposcopy, the mucous membrane is shiny, pale pink, the vascular network is not expressed, petechiae, and there is no ulceration. Schiller's coloring during the test is homogeneous, the sample is slightly positive. Cytological examination showed an increase in the number of surface cells.

    lactobacilli that maintain the normal pH of the vagina, becomes lower, which leads to a violation of the microflora,

    Atrophic colpitis cannot be treated with the help of traditional medicine, but it is possible to use it as an additional means to relieve unpleasant symptoms. Gynecologists emphasize women's attention to the fact that the use of traditional methods is possible only after consulting with your doctor. Many of the ingredients can increase or decrease the effects of drugs.

    there is a significant vaginal dryness,

    3. Yessefidze J. T. Clinic, diagnosis and treatment of atrophic vaginitis in postmenopausal breast cancer. - v. 9. - # 9, 2001. - p.370-373.

    Baths with the addition of infusions of medicinal herbs: chamomile, calendula, St. John's wort. They have anti-inflammatory. antiseptic, reparative (regenerating) action.

    Atrophic colpitis, symptoms and treatment in women, mechanisms of development, complications, prevention - these are the basic concepts that everyone should own. Unfortunately, age-related changes, hormonal changes are waiting for every woman. Therefore, awareness, attention to symptoms that indicate health problems, will become the main weapon in the fight against many diseases at an early stage.

    daily sessile baths with a decoction of radiola pink,

    Scientific justification in the treatment of atrophic colpitis received only hormone replacement therapy with estrogen in order to restore tissue trophism, and exclude disease recurrences. Systemic replacement therapy is prescribed for a long time - up to 5 years.

    Since the body loses its balance in the production of female hormones - estrogen, such changes may begin:

      failure to observe the rules of hygiene of the genital organs, frequent (especially unprotected) sexual contacts, abuse of hygiene products — in particular, flavored gels, soap with antibacterial properties that violate the acid-base balance, wearing synthetic underwear: artificial materials block the access of air and create favorable conditions for reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. wear panty hoses with a cotton insert.

    Which candles are most effective in the treatment of colpitis - a list of 10 drugs

    Colpitis is an inflammatory disease of the mucous surface of the vagina, accompanied by abundant secretions and abdominal pain.

    The development of the disease contributes to infection with fungi of the genus Candida, streptococci, Escherichia coli or staphylococci. It can occur in acute or chronic form with periodic relapses.

    To eliminate colpitis prescribed medication in the form of vaginal suppositories.

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