Medicinal properties and contraindications of chamomile


Painful menstruation (algomenorrhea) or to put it simply pain during menstruation, found in most women. Rather, a rarity can be called in our time, painless menstruation, the average number of discharge, and the absence of PMS.

What usually hurts during menstruation?

  • There are cramping pain in the lower abdomen, in the lumbar region, sometimes extending to the intestine, throughout the spine, extending into the kidney area.
  • All this can be accompanied by headache, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, chilliness, stray muscle pain, heaviness and painful sensations in the mammary glands.

So why do menstrual pains occur?

Causes of pain during menstruation

  • Heredity (you don’t need to go and thank mommy, she herself once suffered from painful periods, rather she can advise her tried ways of getting rid of pain on critical days).
  • Weak muscles of the pelvis and the entire ligament apparatus (with a lack of load, the muscles weaken and then become more sensitive to abdominal cramps).
  • Lack of essential micronutrients in the diet of women, menstruation becomes especially noticeable painful at low intake or poor absorption of calcium and magnesium.
  • A history of gynecological diseases, such as uterine fibroma, fibroids, malformations, for example, bend of the uterus, endometriosis, polycystic, single ovarian cysts, polyps, adhesions in the peritoneum (mostly postoperative).
  • Hormonal disorders.
  • Sometimes in such an inadequate way the intrauterine device spiral reminds of itself.

Typically, pain during menstruation is stronger in sensitive individuals with a movable nervous system, concomitant to the IRR (vegetative-vascular dystonia), and primary disorders in the production of thyroid hormones.

Risk factors include spinal curvature, especially in the lumbar, nerve endings at the pelvic level, sciatica, neuralgia, severe infectious diseases, the presence of pelvic varicose veins, disturbances in the conduction of nerve impulses after surgery, a microstroke.

How to reduce pain during menstruation or remove, get rid of pain

Many are interested in what to do if severe pain during menstruation? In addition to the classic pain pills (from unpretentious analgin, baralgina to ibuprofen, nurofen, niza, spazmalgona and ketonal), antispasmodics no-shpa, papaverine, candles with analgesic effect, there are many unconventional and popular ways to get rid of menstrual pain.

  • Acupressure for painful menstruation (see the article "Points for pain relief, painkillers without drugs").
  • Strengthening the press when doing yoga or fitness (of course not in the period of the most severe pain).
  • Nutrition is rich in calcium and magnesium, more green vegetables, lean fish than meat. Freshly squeezed juices rich in vitamins E and group B will be very useful (for many, sweet pepper juice gives a good effect).
  • Consumption of products that contribute to the development of own endorphins (chocolate, bananas, grapes, apricots).
  • Massage during menstruation of the lower back brings a good relaxing effect. So to the frequently asked question: "Can I do a massage during menstruation?The answer is definitely yes! Also, a light massage of the abdomen in a clockwise direction will give benefit on such days, it is quite possible to do it yourself, 7-10 minutes is enough to relieve spasm from the peritoneum.
  • It is very useful for painful menstruation to drink infusion with oregano (1 tbsp. Spoon brewed with a glass of boiling water, drink 2-3 times a day for half an hour before meals).
  • It will be useful one-three-day fasting on the eve of the arrival of menstruation, great weakens the intensity of pain.
  • In the overwhelming majority of cases, the radical remedy helps - pregnancy and subsequent delivery. It is clear that not all such radicalism in the solutions is suitable. Especially since injuries during childbirth, scraping can bring another reason for the subsequent pain in critical days.
  • Helps reduce pain during menstruation decoction of viburnum bark or Angelica root.
  • Sometimes adopting a fetal position reduces pain during menstruation. In this position it is easier to fall asleep on such days.
  • Some exercises help to reduce pain - abdominal breathing, kegel exercises for intimate muscles, sagging in the lumbar region - posture of a squirting cat, raising the legs, lifting the abdomen from a prone position.
  • Fans of aromatherapy and essential oils will prefer to rub a mixture of Hypericum oil into the sacral area a couple of days before the intended menstruation. yarrow, marjoram, clary sage. This case can be perfectly combined with a relaxing massage of the lumbar region.
  • There is evidence that acupuncture and leech therapy can help with menstruation. The impact is carried out in the area of ​​the falcon, sacrum and lower abdomen of a woman.

What can not be done with abdominal pain during menstruation

  • Important ! Chamomile with menstruation!

Drink infusion, decoction of chamomile (at other times chamomile is extremely useful, has pronounced anti-inflammatory properties, but it is absolutely impossible to drink it during menstruation, it contributes to an increase in the intensity of menstrual bleeding).

Contradictory advice, on the one hand, warmly relaxes, and such advice on the Internet is a dime a dozen, and on the other hand, if the exact cause of the pain is not clarified, then it may be chronic inflammatory diseases or a benign tumor in general. And with them you can not bask.

When it is necessary to guard and consult a doctor

It is clear that the strength of pain during menstruation is a subjective concept, but if they are accompanied by nausea, diarrhea, breathing disorders, fainting, or menstruation is unusually abundant, when a night pad gets wet in a couple of hours, you should go to a gynecologist, or even call an ambulance.

This also includes the presence of unremovable anything of the above (including painkillers and antispasmodics) acute pain for more than 2 days.

If painful periods did not occur on time, but for example, in the middle of a cycle, they differ from usual strength and nature of discharge, then it is possible that uterine bleeding caused by pathologies of the uterus and appendages.

Gynecologists often with severe pains during menstruation are advised to start taking oral contraceptives, as a means to protect against unwanted pregnancy, as well as hormonal drugs that regulate the production of sex hormones in accordance with the normal menstrual cycle. So, and eliminating one of the main causes of menstrual pain.

Prevention of painful menstruation

  • With menstruation, hypothermia is especially dangerous, clothing is recommended for the season, and not for fashion. In the period of hormonal adjustment, and the arrival of menstruation - this is precisely it, the woman's body is more sensitive to temperature and other influences.
  • Avoiding stress or developing the right response to stress. Negative emotions can multiply the intensity of pain and PMS symptoms.
  • Regular gymnastics, sports, yoga, well-pumped press is the key to the absence of spasmodic abdominal pain during menstruation. Perfectly relax regular swimming.
  • The same yoga from the preceding paragraph contributes to the development of techniques of relaxation and relaxation.
  • Keeping a diary of menstruation will give not only knowledge about the regularity of the menstrual cycle, but also remind you of which events, food contributed to a better state of health.

So, pain during menstruation has its own reasons, they can be reduced, removed, most women cope with them, so the panic in this case is completely superfluous, more important is the ability to listen to your body and try to help it.

General information

pharmaceutical camomile (medicinal) is a very famous and widespread plant in our latitudes. This is an annual, belonging to the genus Matricaria, the Astrov family, it is found in different regions of North America, Eurasia, and other extratropical regions. Translated from the Latin language, the name of the plant means "mother grass". The fact is that they used it primarily for the treatment of female diseases.

Previously, chamomile grew mainly in the wild, but now this medicinal herb is actively cultivated. After all, the flowers of chamomile pharmacy - a valuable medicinal raw materials, demanded and used to treat a variety of diseases. It is a part of very many preparations as an active ingredient, and is also widely used in cosmetology, being an ingredient in creams, soaps, shampoos, etc.

Plant description

On average, it grows to 20-40 cm. If the stem of a herbaceous plant is very long, this is evidence of a lack of sunlight during the period when it was actively growing. Stem erect, rather thin, hollow inside.

The length of the leaves - 2-5 cm, they are located on the stem in turn. On the narrow linear sheet there are cuts with sharp lobules. The root is thin, pivotal, practically without branches. Flower baskets are small, with white petals on the edges and yellow flowers.

Chemical composition

The composition of flowers includes the following chemicals:

  • bioflavonoid derivatives apigenin, quercetinand luteolin,
  • coumarins(umbelliferon, herniorin),
  • unbound organic acids -salicylic, isovaleric, antemisov, caprylic,
  • polysaccharides,
  • phytosterols,
  • vitamins(a nicotinic acid, vitamin C),
  • tannins,
  • protein substances
  • carotene,
  • mucus, gum, bitterness.

Dry baskets contain from 0.1 to 0.8% of essential oil, it is called chamomile. This oil is bluish in color and contains many components. The most valuable of them is azulene hamazulen(in its oil about 1-9%). Chamazulene is synthesized during the distillation of raw materials with water vapor from matrix and matrixarin lactones. It produces a pronounced anti-inflammatory, anti-allergenic, bacteriostatic effect.

About half of the oil is a number of other sesquiterpenoids: bisabolol, farnezenand etc.

Medicinal properties of chamomile

The fact that this plant has pronounced healing properties was known in ancient times. Hippocrates and Dioscorides used it to remove convulsionsand eliminate pain. Avicenna believed that this plant is an excellent firming agent. But Pliny the Elder used chamomile as an antidote, if a person was bitten by a snake, and its decoction is used as a diuretic.

Currently, medicine is very widely used as dry flowers (for the preparation of decoctions, infusions) and essential oil

Medicinal properties of essential oil

  • disinfects
  • provides a diaphoretic effect
  • reduces gas formation,
  • activates the process of digestion, improves gastrointestinal function,
  • reduces the severity of pain, including migraine,
  • reduces the intensity of inflammation,
  • stimulates the central nervous system, while reducing stress, reduces manifestations depressed,
  • has an antibacterial effect,
  • dilates the vessels through which blood enters the brain,
  • eliminates smooth muscle spasm.

Useful properties of medicinal chamomile proved by scientists from different countries in the process of research. A special study was conducted, during which scientists from the UK determined that chamomile is able to relax vessels, as well as smooth muscles. And American researchers have confirmed that the means from the plant produces an anti-anxiety and anti-depressive effect. In addition, scientists have shown that the stem, leaves and flowers of a plant have radioprotective properties.

Other studies were also conducted, during which scientists obtained evidence of the healing properties of this plant. About what is useful chamomile pharmacy and under what diseases is used, it will be discussed below.

Indications for use

In medicine, the following indications for the use of chamomile drug are determined:

  • inflammatory diseases of the skin, including burns, festering wounds,
  • gallbladder disease,
  • gastric diseases, chronic and acute, in which inflammatory processes of the mucous develop (gastropathy),
  • respiratory diseases that bother you coughthere is a bronchospasm, swelling of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract,
  • inflammatory mucous processes,
  • inflammation of the internal organs, in particular the urogenital system,
  • gastritis allergic nature bronchial asthma, eczema and other diseases that develop as a result of hypersensitivity of the body,
  • connective tissue damage,
  • insomnia,
  • pain, including toothache and migraine.

Chamomile treatment can last up to three months; as a rule, habituation to chamomile preparations and allergic manifestations during their use are not observed.

The use of chamomile pharmaceutical and drugs based on it

Since the medicinal properties of chamomile pharmaceutical are very diverse, it is used for various diseases and conditions. Chamomile flowers, the therapeutic properties of which are described above, are used in the form of infusions, decoctions, etc.

Their application inside is shown in such cases:

  • in diseases of the digestive system - gastritis, colitis, enteritis, as well as biliary tract,
  • at flatulence, stomach cramps, liver disease,
  • high body temperature
  • inflammatory processes of the respiratory system, upper respiratory tract,
  • uterine bleeding, metrorrhages after childbirth,
  • menstruation pains,
  • malaria,
  • respiratory infections,
  • severe fatigue,
  • high excitability insomnia,
  • loss of appetite.

The use of chamomile infusion is practiced externally:

  • as a rinse for oral diseases (stomatitis, periodontal disease, gingivitis, inflammation of the gums), with toothache, angina,
  • like lotion or compress when eczema, boils, ulcers, rashes, frostbite, burns, wounds that are difficult to heal,
  • as mikroklizm when hemorrhoids,
  • for wiping with heavy sweating of the feet and hands,
  • for washing during inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes,
  • as a means for rubbing and washing with acne, acne,
  • as a poultice for bruises, gout, arthritis, rheumatism.

Pharmacy chamomile, instructions for use

If you buy chamomile flowers at a pharmacy, the instructions for use will contain recommendations on how exactly the herb is prepared as a decoction or infusion.

For the decoction you need to take 4 tbsp. l flowers and pour them 300 ml of boiling water. Hold for half an hour in a water bath, then cool and strain by squeezing. Drink 3 times a day after meals. In the decoction of chamomile should add honey.

It is necessary to take 4 tbsp. l flowers, pour them into a thermos and pour 200 ml. boiling water. Insist 3 hours. You need to drink 4 times a day in equal portions.

Decoction and infusion stored in the refrigerator for no more than 2 days.

Soothing tea

To prepare a tea that has a calming and carminative effect, use the following components: chamomile (3 parts), cumin seeds (5 parts), valerian root (2 parts). Mix the ingredients, take two tablespoons of the mixture and pour two tbsp. boiling water. After a 20-minute infusion, strain. Drink 100 ml in the evening and morning.

Slimming tea

1 tsp Flowers need to pour 200 ml of water and insist 10 minutes. During the day you need to drink 4-5 glasses of tea. The course should not last more than two weeks.

To prepare the baths take the entire terrestrial part of the plant. For one bath you need 500 g of such raw materials, pour 2 liters of water and boil for 10 minutes. Strain the broth and pour into the tub. Such baths take for two weeks, every other day. The procedure lasts 30 minutes. It is recommended to carry them out at such diseases and conditions:

  • skin diseases - ulcerswounds
  • increased nervousness, poor sleep,
  • peeling and dryness of the skin,
  • calf muscle cramps,
  • liver ailments
  • cracked heels,
  • effects of x-ray exposure
  • very tired feet.

To prepare such a remedy, you need to melt 50 g of not too greasy butter and 3 tbsp in a water bath. l vegetable oil. Add 1 tsp. glycerol, 2 yolks, 30 ml of camphor alcohol, 50 ml of chamomile infusion, 2 tbsp. l honey After thorough mixing, everything must be poured into a glass container. This self-made preparation can be stored up to six months in the refrigerator.

Chamomile cream should be used in such cases:

  • with very dry skin,
  • when skin flaking, cracking,
  • in case of lethargy of the skin and turgor,
  • with redness and irritation.


To prepare a solution of 1 tsp. Flowers need to pour 200 ml of boiling water and insist half an hour. Strained solution is collected in a syringe and vaginal douching is done overnight. They need to spend every day during the week. Douching is done slowly. This procedure is shown in the following cases:

Such procedures are contraindicated in such cases:

  • after the age of 40, because at this age the humidity of the mucous membranes decreases, and douching can aggravate the situation,
  • during the period of pregnancy,
  • in the period of acute inflammatory processes,
  • in the first month after childbirthgynecological interventions miscarriage.

In the process of treating cervical erosion, camomile tampons are used. To prepare the infusion for the impregnation of a tampon, you need to take 20 g of flowers and pour 1 l of water, and then insist in a thermos for 24 hours.Next you need to take the leaves of aloe, which have lain for 2 days in the refrigerator, chop them into mush and squeeze. Mix these ingredients in equal proportions. Dip a hygienic tampon into the prepared solution and place it in the vagina overnight.

Contraindications to use are similar to contraindications to syringing.

With freckles

Chamomile can help get rid of freckles and whiten your skin. To do this, take 20 g of flowers and pour 500 ml of boiling water over them. After a while, strain, add the juice of 2 lemons and half a liter of yogurt to the liquid. All this needs to be mixed well. The resulting solution is impregnated with gauze napkins and put them on the skin where many freckles and hold for one hour. Then you need to rinse off with cool water and apply greasy cream on your face. Such masks are made three times a week.

With a red face

To reduce the severity of redness and irritation of the skin, prepare the following tool. One Art. l Chamomile flowers need to pour a glass of boiling water. After hour infusion, strain, add 1 tbsp. l honey. Moisten gauze wipes in the solution and apply to the skin. Keep for half an hour. When the cloth dries out - change to wet.

With acne

To reduce the severity of the rash take 2 tbsp. l chamomile flowers and 1 tbsp. l dry celandine and pour this mixture of 1 liter of boiling water. After the agent is infused for half a day, it is filtered and used to wipe those areas where eels constantly appear. This should be done at least 5 times a day.

With brittle and dry hair

Need to pour 4 tbsp. l Chamomile 0.5 liters of boiling water. After half an hour, strain. Add the egg yolk and apply the solution to the hair, spreading it neatly over the entire length. After half an hour you need to thoroughly rinse the hair. This procedure is carried out 2-3 times a week. throughout the month. Interestingly, if such a solution will use blondes, the hair will become lighter and shine.

For aromatherapy

Since this oil does not have a very sharp and intolerable odor, it is well perceived by both children and the elderly. This oil effectively disinfects the air and has a positive effect on the body as a whole. However, some people note that there is a bitter taste in this oil. To ensure a positive effect, a few drops of oil are added to the aroma lamp and for about 20 minutes in the evening they have this session.

Application inside

Inside the oil is used with honey - for one tsp. honey - 2 drops. Drink in the morning and evening, the course is one week. This remedy has a positive effect on the body when there are problems with immunity, poor appetite, gastritis, ulcers (except the period of exacerbation). It is also indicated to be taken for menstrual irregularities, during menopause. The tool helps to reduce irritability, restore normal emotional background. Its use has a positive effect on mental activity. However, you should know that expectant mothers, women during lactation, as well as babies under six years old cannot take oil inside.

Application externally

If necessary, the oil can be applied to the skin without first diluting it. But it should be applied pointwise: put a cotton pad with oil for a few minutes on the problem area. This use of oil is practiced in the following conditions and diseases:

  • diseases associated with an allergic reaction - dermatitis, eczema,
  • inflammatory processes due to sunburn or thermal burns - during the healing period,
  • after insect bites,
  • ulcers, poorly healing wounds,
  • acneacne
  • small wrinkles
  • ingrown nail - after surgery,
  • alopecia, dandruff- rubbed into the hair roots,
  • kuperoz.

For these problems, chamomile oil is used for up to 10 days. Also, the essential oil can be added to any used cosmetic - lotion, cream, etc. To correctly calculate the proportion, you need to add 3 drops of oil to 5 ml of cream or lotion.

You can use it during the massage, mixing with the base - for example with olive. At 10 ml of base take 5 cap. essential oil.

To aromatize the bath, it is enough to add 10 cap. oils.

Chamomile oil can also be combined with other oils, as chamomile enhances their effectiveness. These are oils of orange, lavender, geranium, sage, bergamot, marjoram, etc.

Chamomile for children

When used for children, chamomile flowers, therapeutic properties and contraindications must be taken into account.

Pharmacy chamomile as a tea is used for children after 1 year. For little babies, tea should be diluted with water or buy special children's tea.

But outwardly the grass and chamomile flowers are used before, even before the baby is one year old. However, the concentration of the decoction should be low.

Parents of young children should consult a pediatrician on how to properly use pharmacy chamomile flowers. Useful properties and contraindications to its use should be especially carefully considered to parents of infants.


Despite the fact that many consider this plant to be absolutely harmless, contraindications for chamomile do exist. First of all, it is important to take into account contraindications for women - pregnant chamomile is contraindicated, and breastfeeding mothers should be drunk with caution. People who suffer from chronic diseases, as well as those who take life-saving medications, should consult a doctor before using decoctions, tinctures or oil. Also, do not use it for individual intolerance.

How to harvest and store

The flowers are collected in the summer, doing it in dry weather. The highest concentration of essential oil in chamomile is observed from June to August. For use externally use the entire plant, respectively, for this purpose, the raw material is harvested that way.

It is necessary to dry a grass in a shadow, it is good at the same time airing the room.

When using the dryer, the temperature should not be higher than 40 degrees. In the process of drying the plant is not turned over to prevent the shedding of the petals.

Store dried raw materials in paper or cloth bags in a dry and dark place. Used throughout the year. Since chamomile has a strong smell, it should not be stored near products that can absorb this fragrance.

Release form

Chamomile is produced in the following forms:

  • dry raw materials - tea, fees, flowers,
  • liquid tincture, extract,
  • capsules with extract,
  • chamomile oil.

Also, chamomile extract is included in many cosmetics, ointments, dietary supplements.