The body of a woman to this day is a mystery to science. But there are moments that have long been studied. Only they are not known to all citizens. Today we will be interested in the delay of menstruation. What it is? What are the reasons for it? And how to deal with the corresponding phenomenon? To understand all this and not only we have to continue. In fact, it is not so difficult. Especially if a woman carefully watches over her body.
Menstruation and its formation
What is menstruation? And when does it appear?
So called monthly. In the people they are called critical days. A woman has bleeding during menstruation. It is not dangerous to health. Critical days - a symbol of the fact that the egg in the body was not fertilized.
The menstrual cycle is the length of time between the beginnings of two “extreme” menstrual periods. During this period, maturation of the egg cell, its exit from the follicle, travel through the fallopian tubes, fertilization or death of the female cell takes place.
Accordingly, if conception did not occur, the egg cell is killed. This period ends, then comes the preparation for critical days.
Phases of the monthly cycle
To accurately judge the delay of menstruation, it is important to understand which phases the female reproductive organs have to go through at any given time.
The monthly cycle is divided into 4 stages. Namely:
- monthly bleeding,
As already mentioned, the egg matures in the follicle first. This period lasts about 14 days. Next comes ovulation - the time the female cell leaves and travels around the body. This is the best moment to conceive. Ovulation lasts up to 48 hours.
If fertilization does not happen, the body enters the luteal phase. This is a condition in which the egg cell dies, and organs prepare for critical days. Begins a new cycle of regular menstruation. But what if there is a delay?
There is no single answer to this question. It all depends on the circumstances in which there was a deviation from the usual cycle.
Delayed menstruation is most common in adolescents. Girls first face critical days during puberty. There is a hormonal adjustment of the body, and the cycle is only set.
Accordingly, several years after the first menstrual period, a teenage girl may experience a delay in critical days or early menstruation. The situation does not require medical supervision and is completely normal.
For newly born
Can there be a delay in menstruation after delivery? Yes, and this is also a normal phenomenon.
The thing is that after childbirth, a woman is faced with a serious restructuring of the body. There will be no critical days at first. And after their renewal, "jumps" of the cycle are possible. He then lengthens, then shortens. This situation can last up to several years after delivery.
Important: some girls do not face menstruation throughout the entire lactation period. This phenomenon is very common. If a woman comes during her breastfeeding period, they will be installed throughout the entire lactation + about 1.5-2 years after it stops.
Delayed menstruation is a problem that many women and girls of different ages face. But why is this happening?
Quite often, hormonal failure is the cause of late critical days. It either speeds up ovulation or removes it. And therefore monthly come earlier / later than the due date, respectively.
If you suspect a hormonal failure, you should consult a doctor. The specialist will assign a series of tests to clarify the situation. It is possible that the cause of the failure of hormones is a disease or ailment.
Everything is okay
The reasons for the delay of menstruation are different. And among them you can get confused. Especially if you do not follow the body.
It is not always necessary to panic, if critical days come sooner or later. The thing is that even a healthy woman may be a standard deviation from the norm.
This means that critical days may come a little earlier or disturb a girl somewhat later than the allotted time. A normal deviation of 5-7 days in one direction or another is considered.
Nevertheless, most often problems with the menstrual cycle make the girl think about what the matter is. What other scenarios can occur in practice?
"Interesting position", or I will soon become a mother
What does menstruation delay indicate? Pregnancy is what women suspect in late critical days or in their absence.
Ideally, the menstrual cycle ends immediately after successful conception. A fertilized egg is attached to the uterus, and then the development of the fetus begins. New female cells do not mature. Ovulation does not happen, and menstruation does not come.
To determine pregnancy, it is better to do a home test and go to a gynecologist. Studies are recommended for 1-3 days delay. Otherwise, you may encounter false results.
Important: sometimes the girl is faced with menstruation during pregnancy. It happens in the first trimester. It is better to consult a doctor with the corresponding problem.
The test is negative, but there is a pregnancy
Delayed menstruation? Is the test negative? Some girls believe that this situation is a guarantee of the absence of pregnancy. Is it so?
Not at all. A woman may see a false negative pregnancy test if the test is of poor quality or has expired. In addition, in the first days of the delay of critical days, the level of hCG in the urine is often too small. And so the pregnancy test shows one strip.
To exclude the "interesting situation", you will need to repeat the test for 5-7 day delay. If you do not want to wait, you should do an ultrasound and donate blood for analysis of hCG.
A woman has a menstruation delay of 5 days, and the test is negative? If there is a possibility of pregnancy, you should hurry with its diagnosis. Why?
The thing is that sometimes girls hear a disappointing diagnosis - ectopic pregnancy. In this case, the menstruation will not come, and the pregnancy test will either show a negative result, or it will show the second strip, but its color will be dim.
This is due to the fact that when the fetus is attached outside the uterus, the level of hCG does not rise as quickly as in its uterine position. Ectopic pregnancy is dangerous for a woman and almost always ends in miscarriage or abortion. And therefore hesitate to visit a specialist should not.
Important: from ectopic pregnancy no one is insured. Doctors are still unable to say exactly under what circumstances this type of “interesting position” happens. But in healthy girls living in a calm environment, the chances of a collision with the disease are less.
Late "day X"
Is there a menstruation delay? Is the test negative? If a girl is confident in her health, maybe her ovulation came later than the prescribed time. This led to a delay in the menstrual cycle.
In fact, various factors influence the "Day X". For example, emotional shock or severe stress. Overloading the body also negatively affects ovulation. And sometimes it comes sooner or later due to hormonal failure or standard deviation.
As a rule, late ovulation occurs as a single case. It is easiest to diagnose it according to the schedule of basal temperature. During the "Day X" BT rises to 37-37.5 degrees Celsius, and then keeps on indicators from 36.8 to 37.2 degrees.
Lack of ovulation
Delay menstruation for a week - a cause for concern. Especially if the woman had protected sex.
However, not always untimely critical days should cause panic. Even a healthy girl meets with a lack of ovulation. This process is called anovulation.
Usually, the lack of ovulation can be observed up to two times a year. With more frequent manifestations will have to consult a doctor for treatment.
Important: with anovulation, the delay of the menstrual cycle is 1 month or more. It all depends on the duration of the cycle. After two full monthly periods, the critical days will still come.
Immediately after birth, the body begins to develop. This is an inevitable process. He is called growing up. At one fine moment, a person begins puberty, and then he becomes ready to continue the race.
However, at some point the body begins to grow, not grow. Vital processes tolerate certain changes. And girls after 40 years are faced with delayed menstruation.
Why it happens? Usually late arriving periods are a sign of aging and the onset of menopause. The body simply stops producing eggs for fertilization. And so the menstrual cycle first "jumps" and then stops altogether.
Important: in the rhythm of modern life even women of 30-35 years can suffer from menopause. Therefore, to determine it yourself will not work. We'll have to go to the gynecologist and pass all the tests assigned to them.
Disease and cycle
Delayed menstruation? Is the test negative? If a woman thinks about the causes of deviations in the monthly cycle, one should not forget about such factors as diseases.
During illness, the body begins to work differently from before. All his strengths are aimed at strengthening immunity and fighting the disease. Therefore, critical days come later than expected.
It follows that even a banal cold can be the impetus for adjusting the monthly cycle. After complete recovery, the process under study will return to normal.
Important: STDs also affect menstruation. If a girl has a gynecological disease, her period will return to normal after undergoing a full course of treatment with recovery.
Tumors and cancer
A prolonged delay in menstruation (2 months or more) with a negative pregnancy test is a serious cause for concern. After all, sometimes periods can indicate the presence of hidden or chronic diseases.
Most often, the adjustment of the menstrual cycle occurs with tumors and cancer. Diseases of the endocrine and urogenital system, as well as inflammatory processes also have an impact on critical days.
The most common illnesses include:
- ovarian dysfunction,
- multifollicular ovaries,
- uterine fibroids,
- inflammation of the uterus and its appendages,
- kidney problems
- disruption of the thyroid gland.
In any case, only a comprehensive examination can help identify the disease. You cannot diagnose yourself on the basis of signs and signs.
Nutrition and Lifestyle
Delay of menstruation is not excluded in case of improper nutrition or maintaining a passive lifestyle. It is hard to believe, but even diets can provoke early ovulation or its lateness.
Bad habits are another factor that negatively affects the body. With the abuse of alcohol, tobacco or drugs, critical days can be adjusted. The cycle is broken, ovulation comes earlier / later.
Obesity or dystrophy, too, often negatively affect critical days. The cycle returns to normal immediately after weight adjustment.
We studied the main points related to the late arrival of monthly bleeding. But, as already mentioned, there are a lot of options for the development of events. And you can consider them indefinitely.
In addition, a woman's menstrual cycle can be broken in such circumstances:
- emotional upheavals (including positive ones),
- stay in physical, psychological or mental stress,
- use of a number of medicines
- treatment of infertility,
- hormonal drugs,
- use of oral contraceptives (especially with the wrong selection),
- long trips
- acclimatization or abrupt change of weather.
In fact, the causes of delayed menstruation are varied. And not all of them can be easily diagnosed. Sometimes you have to go through many doctors and pass a huge number of tests to clarify the situation.
Signs of delays
A few words about how in some cases it is possible to suspect the untimely arrival of critical days. Consider several scenarios.
The girl may experience the following signs of menstruation:
- A basal temperature chart does not indicate ovulation. Worst of all, when BT has no schedule. The points marked on it are a chaotic set of temperatures. A similar picture occurs with anovulation.
- Nausea, fatigue, vomiting, slight bleeding from the vagina (often - bloody smears) indicate pregnancy. Sometimes there is pain in the ovaries.
- Pain in the lower abdomen and increased body temperature for several days may indicate a disease or inflammatory process. Most often - problems in the urogenital system and tumors.
- Increased hair growth, weight gain and deterioration of the skin - signs of polycystic ovary.
Perhaps, in other cases, you just have to go to the hospital and get tested. It is advisable to stop at:
- general blood test
- research on hCG
- Visit to the endocrinologist, urologist, gynecologist.
All other tests will appoint a specific specialist. Usually you have to donate blood for various hormones and do tomography. Going to a psychologist and a nutritionist will also not be superfluous.
Normal cycle and latency normal
The monthly cycle has an average duration of 21-33 days. A cycle of 28 days is observed in the vast majority of women. Monthly with bloody discharge last for 3-7 days. The regularity of menstruation in women depends on the functioning of the endocrine, reproductive, nervous systems.
The absence of "critical days" may indicate pregnancy, the approach of menopause, physiological features. Diseases of internal organs and body systems often provoke a delay. If a woman faces a delay, you must contact your doctor. Only after the examination will it be possible to establish the cause of this condition, to prevent the development of serious pathologies.
Reasons for the delay of five days
5 days of delayed menstruation does not necessarily indicate the development of any disease. Delay is often faced due to pregnancy. If the failure is accompanied by pain in the abdomen, slight nausea, an increase in the volume and pain of the chest, a pregnancy test should be done and consult a gynecologist for examination.
There are cases that with all the external signs of pregnancy, a woman sees a negative result of the test. This occurs in the first days after conception, when there is a minimum amount of human chorionic gonadotropin in the blood. To confirm this hypothesis, the doctor prescribes the analysis of hCG. If the analysis is positive - a sign that the egg began to grow in the fallopian tube, uterine cavities, ovaries, she could not gain a foothold in the organ itself for further full development.
An ectopic pregnancy is a serious disorder that requires timely intervention by a gynecologist and is considered a pathology that threatens a woman’s life. This condition is characterized by a set of characteristic symptoms:
- nausea, dizziness,
- increasing pulling and cramping pains in the lower abdomen, back,
- vaginal discharge brown, not related to menstruation.
The menstrual cycle tends to rebuild throughout life. Banal colds and climate changes can lead to cycle violations. The reason for the absence of menstruation often become hormonal fluctuations - in adolescents, the postpartum period. Women on the threshold of menopause may also face this problem.
The girl, leading active sex life, which is faced with a delay of 5 days - can it be a pregnancy? You can get an exact answer only after an examination by a gynecologist. Symptoms of early pregnancy are often found in women after the onset of premenstrual syndrome. There are nagging pains in the lower abdomen, nausea, irritating odors, unpredictable crying, laughter - all these symptoms often indicate a violation of hormonal balance.
If the monthly delay is 5 days and the test is negative, the most likely cause of this condition are:
- transferred stress
- increased exercise
- climate change,
- stopping the use of cocs,
- the use of emergency means of preventing pregnancy,
- period after the birth of the child.
The combination of symptoms suggests changes in hormonal levels. The reason for the hormonal imbalance can be sudden weight gains - set or weight loss, because of this, menstruation occurs later than the usual period. If after 5 days, nothing happens, it is better to contact a gynecologist, pass an examination.
The reasons for the delay other than pregnancy may be different. 5 days of delay, accompanied by external symptoms, means that the woman is faced with the development of pathological conditions that require a visit to the doctor with further therapy.
- The delay is accompanied by lower abdominal pain, uncharacteristic for menstrual discharge - a sign of ovarian dysfunction.
- If there are no monthly 5 months - a sign of amenorrhea. Pathology often occurs in women after puberty. The disease is accompanied by serious stress for the body, emotional, physical fatigue.
- Infectious, inflammatory diseases. Usually accompanied by pain in the abdomen, itching, burning of the genitals, discomfort, pain during intimacy, abundant secretions with an unpleasant smell, unusual consistency. For example, cystitis is accompanied by sharp pain, frequent urination with bleeding, elevated body temperature.
- Cystic lesion of the ovaries can cause a five-day delay. In this condition, a woman may experience symptoms that occur during the first period of pregnancy. The disease is accompanied by serious changes in hormonal levels, can cause infertility.
The reason for the delay can be a long period of puberty or premenopause. Reproduction loss is a common cause of delay. During the first two years after menstruation, the functions of the reproductive organs are improved in adolescents, therefore disruptions in the cycle are considered normal. If the puberty period is not accompanied by negative symptoms, then there is no cause for concern.
However, during puberty, it is necessary to carefully monitor the health of the girl. Any manifestation of the inflammatory process should be treated without delay. It is necessary to adhere to proper nutrition, comply with sleep patterns, eliminate freezing, take time to rest. Should refrain from strong physical exertion. Otherwise, the organs of the reproductive system may be impaired.
Menopause is a natural process for every woman, but it happens individually. Some women do not face complications, while others are undergoing major changes. One of the main signs of extinction of the reproductive system is a five-week absence of menstruation.
In some cases, after such a failure, there are heavy bleeding, and sometimes the discharge is minimal, similar to a daub. A woman may experience bouts of weakness, insomnia, irritability, hot flashes.
What measures to take
What to do if the delay of menstruation exceeds 5 days? Unfortunately, this question is quite common among modern women. First you need to pass a home pregnancy test. Before the manipulation at night you need to drink plenty of liquid, and the test itself should be done in the morning after waking up. If there are two bars, the result is positive, one is negative.
A visit to a gynecologist is the best way to find out the reason for the delay. Ultrasound and tests will help to learn about the onset of pregnancy, the normal development of the fetus. Ultrasound helps to exclude or confirm pregnancy.
If the absence of menstruation is not associated with pregnancy or serious pathological changes, then menstruation will occur later. For serious diseases of the internal organs and systems, a medical examination is required. To begin, the doctor will prescribe tests for hormones, ultrasound of the pelvic organs, CT or MRI. Quite often, the reason for the delay lies not in the gynecological field, so the patient is sent to another doctor.
When the delay in five days does not need to panic. You should do a test and visit the attending physician. The gynecologist will prescribe a series of specific manipulations that will identify the cause of the delay. Regular visits to the doctor are the best prevention of the development of pathological conditions.