Breast tenderness after menstruation is more common in young girls at puberty. This is due to the growth and increased sensitivity of the breast. Usually at the end of puberty, discomfort ceases. In addition to adolescent girls, chest pains are also found in adult women. In modern medicine they are called mastalgia. If such a condition during ovulation or a week before menstruation is a normal physiological phenomenon, then its continuation after menstruation should be alerted. What causes pain? In this attempt to understand the article.
Causes of chest pain after menstruation
Pains are cyclical - are characteristic in a certain period of the menstrual cycle, and non-cyclical, as a result of anatomical changes.
The main causes of mastalgia include:
Pregnancy. Increasing the concentration of progesterone in the blood after fertilization of the egg causes soreness, a feeling of heaviness, an increase in size and swelling of the mammary glands. A woman may still not suspect the birth of a new life inside, and the chest is already beginning to prepare for the upcoming lactation. In some cases, after conception, bloody discharge is observed.
This is misleading to the future mother, and she believes that her period began. In addition to progesterone, the amount of estrogen increases, which is responsible for expanding the network of blood vessels and increasing blood volume. As well as human chorionic gonadotropin (pregnancy hormone), affecting the growth of the mammary glands and the safe bearing of a child. If there is still a delay in menstruation - this is a sure sign of conception. You can confirm it using a test or ultrasound diagnosis.
Mastopathy. The pain is characteristic not only after the end of menstruation, but also before them. Most often, the disease develops due to hormonal imbalance. Dense formations are formed inside the mammary gland, which are palpable during palpation and discharge from the nipples appears. This is a fairly common disease in the age of 30 to 40 years in women. At the first symptoms, it is better to immediately contact a mammologist to rule out a complication and the transition to a malignant form. In advanced cases, surgical removal of the tumor is necessary. Treatment of mastopathy is complex and aimed at correcting hormonal levels.
Trauma and other injuries to the chest. This is an example of non-cyclical pain, which does not depend on the stage of the menstrual cycle and can occur at any time. Shocks, bruises during a fall, and other mechanical effects (including surgeries) can cause severe pain, which periodically subsides and reappears. Sometimes violations occur in nearby joints, muscle tissue or nerve endings, and pain radiates to the mammary gland.
Malignant tumors. A long time may not manifest itself in any way, then new growths and irregular chest pain occur. This condition should be the reason for the visit to the doctor, since in the early stages (before the onset of metastasis) the cancer is successfully treated.
Hormonal imbalance. If a woman has failures of the menstrual cycle, delayed menstruation, periodic pain in the lower abdomen and the mammary gland, this indicates an imbalance of hormones.
The reasons for its appearance are a large number:
- uncontrolled use of contraceptives or other hormonal drugs,
- infections of the breast and genital tract (syphilis),
- stresses and nervous disorders
- tumors of a different nature
- hereditary factor
- thyroid disease.
Fluid retention in the body. More common in women who are overweight.
Poor quality and close bra. Lingerie that is not sized or with solid inserts can also cause discomfort. In girls at puberty, this leads to delayed breast development.
Osteochondritis. The pain occurs in the area of attachment of the ribs to the chest, but gives to the mammary gland. Neuralgic problems, disorders in the cardiovascular system or lungs can also cause soreness. In this case, it may be non-cyclical in nature and manifest as after menstruation, a week or two before it.
What to do with pain after menstruation?
If a healthy woman's breasts swell, increases in size and there is a delay in menstruation, you need to contact a gynecologist for an ultrasound or to do a pregnancy test. Perhaps soon she will become a mother.
In other cases, it is better to visit a mammologist to avoid the formation of pathology and find out the cause of this condition. There is no single algorithm for treating mastalgia. Therapy depends on the developmental factors and the nature of the pain. The doctor will prescribe additional studies to make an accurate diagnosis.
To reduce discomfort at home, you can use the following tips:
- Wear a bra in size from natural materials.
- To exclude from the diet fatty and salty foods. Salt contributes to the retention of fluid in the body, and this increases the swelling of the breast, and it hurts even more. Less use of coffee, chocolate and harmful products.
- Maintain a regular and healthy sexual relationship.
- Do not use hormonal contraceptives yourself. Only a doctor can accurately pick up the drug, which will help to avoid many side effects.
- Conduct self breast research. At least once a month you need to do breast palpation in front of a mirror. If any nodules, seals or breast shape changes, see a breast specialist. Once a year it is imperative to conduct a routine check-up with a doctor, even if nothing is bothering you.
- Take vitamins.
Any disease is easier to prevent or cure in the early stages than to eliminate complications by surgery or hormonal drugs. But sometimes pain causes positive changes in the body. If there is a delay in menstruation, conception may have occurred and soon another person will be born.
The surest way to prevent breast disease - systematic self-inspection. For this procedure, the period after menstruation is best. Examination of the chest consists in probing the body from the armpit to the solar plexus, alternately on each side.
The procedure is best carried out in front of a mirror, paying attention not only to the presence of hardening, swollen lymph nodes, but also to the appearance of the mammary glands. Alert should change the color of the skin of the breast, nipple shape or swelling of tissues.
What to do when breast tenderness
It is important to remember that any manifestations of pain are not the norm and indicate problems in the human body. Such a symptom can only be the foot of an iceberg, the tip of which can only be seen by an experienced specialist.
Solving women's health problems requires an integrated approach and the interaction of a mammologist, a gynecologist and other doctors as needed. Therefore, in the presence of pain, you should consult a specialist and fulfill all his prescriptions and recommendations.
As you can see, the mammary glands have a rather unstable hormonal balance, which must be initially maintained at the proper level. Modern medicine has made great strides in the field of the treatment of women's diseases, including cancer. Any diagnosis of a doctor is not a sentence, but rather a call to action. Remember that it is cheaper and easier to prevent and prevent the development of ailment than to correct the errors of delayed diagnosis of the disease.
Types of chest pain
Types of chest pain
Chest pain is known to medicine under the term "mastalgia." The disease is quite common among uneven-age contingent, up to 70% of women felt it on themselves at different periods of life. The pain may be cyclical or non-cyclical. Cyclic pain occurs during the menstrual cycle, while non-cyclic pain is observed regardless of it.
Non-cyclic pains have a considerable number of causes. Often injuries become their predecessors. Both adjacent muscles and tissues can hurt, and not the chest itself. Non-cyclic pains develop less frequently and are more difficult to clarify the root cause.
Menstruation and the period after it are often accompanied by pain. Morbidity after the completion of menstruation can be caused by numerous factors. The intensity of pain in both mammary glands may be uneven. In some cases, one of them may hurt more than the other.
Breast tenderness and its causes
Discomfort and pain in the mammary glands associated with menstruation are considered normal. They occur due to physiological changes in tissues that occur due to the action of sex hormones. Normally, at the end of the menstrual cycle, pain must stop. Nevertheless, many women wonder why she continues to bother.
After the end of the menstrual period, the pain may persist due to:
- hormonal dysfunction and an abnormal increase in estrogen,
- diseases of the mammary glands and female reproductive organs,
- wearing uncomfortable, tight underwear,
- unlimited physical exertion
Each of these reasons requires more detailed consideration.
It often causes swelling and tenderness of the breast after menstruation. The hormonal restructuring of the whole body of the expectant mother will certainly affect the state of the mammary glands. Mastalgia often develops as a symptom of ectopic pregnancy. To determine the cause of pain should be a pregnancy test. In case of a negative result, it is necessary to continue the search for the root cause of the pain.
Appears due to hormonal imbalance. Symptoms are often painful sensations in the mammary glands, a feeling of heaviness and induration in them. Such phenomena occur before, during menstruation, or after them.
Cystic formations and malignant tumors in the mammary glands Provokes intense pain. Often they grow rapidly and reach considerable size.
Problems of this nature require professional advice and assistance from a mammologist (specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of female breasts).
Gynecological and other diseases
The development of such diseases often entail breast tenderness. Gynecological diseases can cause hormonal imbalances, which significantly affects not only her condition, but also her general well-being. Discomfort occurs in the presence of endometritis, adnexitis, vulvitis, inflammation of the fallopian tubes or ovaries.
Pain can also occur as a result of the development of diseases not related to the reproductive system of the body. Such can be inflammation of the lymph nodes in the armpits, heart disease, mechanical effects (strokes, bruises, squeezing).
Wearing the wrong choice of underwear and abnormal physical activity
Such factors can provoke unpleasant consequences. The bra should not squeeze the mammary glands excessively, and the cup cannot be of an inappropriate, too small size.
As a result of abnormal physical exertion, for example, when going to the gym or lifting weights, it also becomes possible to develop pain in the chest after menstruation.
Impact of food and drugs
Impact of food and drugs
It is useful to know that the diet in many ways affects the state of the mammary glands. Its deterioration is noted as a result of the abuse of certain types of products and after taking certain medicines. These are:
- methylxanthine derivatives,
- foods high in salt
- fatty foods and dairy products,
- oral contraceptives
Caffeine and methylxanthine-based drugs to a large extent have vasodilating properties. They affect the blood vessels that supply the mammary glands. This effect certainly leads to pain, swelling after the completion of the menstrual cycle, an increase in sensitivity.
Foods high in salt can also cause chest pain. This is due to their tendency to retain water. This feature often leads to pain in the chest and abdomen after menstruation.
Fatty foods and dairy products significantly affect the tone of the mammary glands. Due to the presence of animal fat in food, swelling and the development of pain symptoms are often observed. Reliably the mechanism of its impact is not clear, but there is an assumption that it is associated with the hormones of dead animals. In addition to fatty foods, dairy products can have a negative impact. This is due to its allergenicity.
Oral contraceptives (pills) often contain supplements that lead to painful sensations in the chest after menstruation.
How to identify the causes of pain
Identify the cause of pain
Every woman must possess the skills of examining her own breast for sealing and other manifestations of disease. When pain after menstruation should examine the condition of the mammary glands on their own. Then you need to seek medical attention. A mammologist, using mammography, ultrasound, biopsy and other methods of examination, will restore the picture of the course of the disease, explain to the patient why the pain has arisen, make the correct diagnosis and select effective methods of treatment.
Breast diseases most often need anti-inflammatory therapy or hormonal drugs. In some cases associated with the presence of tumors, emergency surgical intervention is indicated.
It should be remembered about the inadmissibility of self-medication and hormonal drugs without the prescription of a specialist. Special care must be taken during pregnancy.
Effective prevention is always the best way to avoid the onset and development of the disease. In this regard, the importance of the following points should be borne in mind:
- the right choice of underwear in order to prevent a squeezing effect on the chest,
- complete rejection of bad habits,
- hormonal contraceptive use only under the supervision of a physician,
- rational planning of the day regimen and proper nutrition (restrictions on the use of smoked, spicy and excessively salty foods),
- minimum consumption of coffee and chocolate on the eve of the menstrual cycle
Many gynecologists recommend regular sex life as the best means of all female diseases.
Every woman should strive to preserve their intimate health. At the first signs of the development of diseases, it is important to visit a medical institution in a timely manner and get expert advice from a specialist.
Often pain sensations disturb a woman before the onset of menstruation. As the menses begin to pass, the chest pain disappears. There should be no pain and between menstruation.
If the menstruation is over, and the chest still continues to hurt, this may indicate a serious disruption in the female body. In some cases, this is a functional
disorder, but sometimes organic pathology is not excluded.
What symptoms appear
Chest pains that occur immediately after the end of menstruation, sometimes are only one of the symptoms of pathology. A woman is obliged to seek help from a doctor as soon as possible, having discovered the following symptoms:
- changed menstrual cycle
- change the skin tone of the breast,
- pain in the mammary gland during palpation.
Another serious sign indicating the development of a possible pathology is swelling of the nipples and breasts. It is necessary to consult a doctor, having noticed at least one of the symptoms. This will help the specialist in time to identify a dangerous disease and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
The main provoking factors
The main reasons for the appearance of pain that has arisen in the chest despite the past menstrual cycle, include the following:
- hormonal failure,
- development of mastopathy,
- mechanical damage,
- development of cancer.
It is possible to establish an accurate diagnosis only after using additional methods.
If the monthly came and ended successfully, and the chest continues to ache, this may indicate a failure at the hormonal level. Often this condition is associated with the use of hormonal medicines.
Нередко болезненные ощущения в груди появляются у женщин, проходящих климактерический период. Usually, such a condition occurs at the beginning of menopause, but many representatives of the weak sex have aching feelings periodically even ten years later.
In addition, the chest can hurt on the background of strong feelings or stress. There is such a state and with improper nutrition. Sometimes the cause of the pain is a genetic factor.
Onset of pregnancy
The most common cause of chest pain in the absence of menstruation is pregnancy. In addition, this symptom may indicate ectopic pregnancy.
This condition is very dangerous for a woman. If the temperature increased, appeared
nausea and severe dizziness, it is recommended to immediately visit the doctor.
Development of mastopathy
If the menstrual cycle has come to an end, but the chest still continues to hurt, we can talk about the progression of mastopathy. In recent years, young non-pregnant women have started complaining about specific symptoms.
Mastopathy is characterized by condensation of the mammary gland. The main provocateur of this pathology is hormonal disturbance. The main symptom of mastopathy is a feeling of heaviness in the chest area. If the pain does not disappear at the end of menstruation, it is a nodular form of the disease. It is also characterized by the appearance of transparent discharge from the nipples.
For help, contact your mammologist. In some cases, a woman is prescribed surgery, but more often the doctor resorts to drug therapy. Many doctors believe that it is completely impossible to cure mastopathy: it can “fall asleep” even for decades, and then again make itself felt.
Chest pain may be due to excessive squeezing. Often with women complaining of discomfort in this area, women who wear too tight bras turn to the doctor. Many ladies do not remove it even at home, which is extremely harmful for the breast.
Pulling pain in the chest area may indicate the presence of a strong injury or blow. In this case, the woman should examine the skin for the presence of abrasion or bruise. If the pain provocateur was bruised, the discomfort will disappear as soon as the bruise heals.
The development of cancer
The state when menstruation is over, and the chest hurts, may indicate the development of cancer pathology. Breast cancer is very cunning. At first, it does not manifest itself at all, so many women learn about the terrible diagnosis only when the disease flows into the second or third stage.
Seek medical advice is needed when you find such signs:
- changes on the skin,
- abnormal nipple discharge,
- breast deformities
- sucked nipple,
- tight painless “ball”
- enlarged axillary lymph nodes.
To avoid adverse effects, the woman should regularly examine the breast on their own. Finding at least one of these symptoms, you need to contact your doctor as soon as possible. These signs do not always speak about the development of oncology, but it will not hurt to be safe.
Making a diagnosis
You can clarify the diagnosis using these diagnostic methods:
- clinical examination
- objective examination
- palpation of glands and lymph nodes.
The woman must be assigned to ultrasound, mammography and other studies of breast tissue. If oncopathology is suspected, a tissue biopsy is taken.
How to prevent pain
If the painful sensations are present every month after the end of menstruation, then a set of measures should be taken to relieve symptoms. Preventive treatment includes the following aspects:
- cessation of smoking
- rejection of alcohol,
- avoidance of stress and emotional turmoil.
When menstruation is about to come, you need to dress warmer and avoid drafts. Great benefits to the body bring a warm bath with the addition of herbs or sea salt. It is equally important to keep a monthly schedule and know exactly when they should come and go.
Underwear should be matched in size.
It is necessary to eat fully. In the diet of women must be present meat, as well as milk and vegetables. It is advisable to regularly eat fish and foods containing fiber.
To take the weight and hard to play sports these days is impossible. Light aerobics is indicated only when menstruation is not accompanied by lower abdominal pain. In addition, you need to drink vitamins. For severe chest pain, pain medications are indicated, but only a doctor can prescribe medications.