Bad health before menstruation is in all women. For some, this is a slight indisposition, for others, terrible pain before losing consciousness. Now they are talking about it openly.
Women seek help from specialists, find information on the Internet, try to find a way out, to ease their plight. Every month on certain days they tried to solve the riddle of women’s poor health for a very long time.
At first it was associated with the phases of the moon, the area of residence of the ladies. Only in the last century the situation became more or less clear.
Look at the past
In Soviet times, periodic fluctuations in the female body did not attach much importance. The ladies spoke about the reason for the deterioration of health in a whisper, and did not seek help from doctors with PMS problems.
The woman received equal rights with a man, and worked like him. In the films they showed how the Soviet lady easily carries buckets of cement, works at a construction site, grits in on virgin soil.
Yes, and what to hide, the health of Soviet women was really stronger than that of modern women.
Meanwhile, in Western countries, a completely different attitude towards the female body took shape. The woman always remained weak in body, strong in spirit. Men hurried to the rescue at the sight of a heavy burden in the hands of the ladies, and the work was selected according to physical abilities. In the hospital for the period of menstruation with a strong indisposition give out a sick-list.
And during pregnancy it goes on maternity leave almost from the beginning of conception, if there are harmful conditions for the fetus at the workplace.
It was American scientists who gathered in a single whole all the information about the monthly causes of deterioration of well-being of women before menstruation, analyzed the symptoms, summarized under the diagnosis of PMS (premenstrual syndrome).
The main cause of poor health before menstruation
Throughout the month, numerous changes occur in the body. Conventionally, the monthly cycle is divided into 2 parts. The woman's well-being of the first 2 weeks after menstruation differs significantly from the next 2 weeks. So laid by nature. All this is natural. And the reason for that is hormones.
Immediately after the onset of menstruation, the body understands that conception did not happen, everything will have to be done anew. The reproductive system, the endocrine central nervous system is involved in the process. Estrogen levels increase. This sex hormone is responsible for the development of the egg, ovulation.
What happens at this time with the lady?
She feels just fine. The mood is wonderful, the woman is full of strength, self-confidence, admires the reflection in the mirror, everyone is happy. And most importantly, I really want sex. Libido increases.
Everything is aimed at having intercourse, conception. The peak of sexual desire falls at the time of ovulation, when fertilization is possible. It happens on days 14-16 of the monthly cycle.
And after this point, everything changes dramatically.
In the second phase, the hormone progesterone rises, which, in principle, is the main cause of poor health before menstruation. It regulates all processes in the body, dictates mood, determines well-being.
The function of progesterone is to preserve the fertilized egg, to provide it with a reliable attachment to the walls of the uterus, to support the pregnancy in the first months. Hence the reserves of fat on the sides of the woman, on the stomach before menstruation.
In the second half of the cycle, the activity decreases, the working capacity decreases, the appearance, internal sensations change a little, you no longer want sex, there is no need to attract a man.
From this it follows that the cause of poor health before menstruation is laid by nature. From this you can not escape. But the condition worsens under the influence of adverse factors, diseases. Then the cause of poor health before menstruation becomes PMS.
Symptoms of PMS
Especially sensitive women experience PMS immediately after menstruation. But the symptoms worsen, as a rule, 1 week before menstruation.
Toxic shock syndrome is an investigative disease, since it depends on the general state of health, external factors. Therefore, each month the symptoms of PMS may change.
With a particularly favorable month, physically, emotionally, the syndrome does not at all make itself felt.
Since the nervous system, endocrine and sexual, is responsible for all the processes of the menstrual cycle, then the symptoms of PMS manifestations are associated with these components. In which of the links there was more tension, such symptoms predominate. In addition, the syndrome can go through several stages, has 3 forms.
Normal is considered a weak manifestation of PMS. When 2 symptoms are strongly expressed, or weak 4-5 are present. In the PMS form of moderate severity, more than 10 symptoms are present and 4-5 are strongly pronounced.
The severe form of PMS makes a woman insane, puts to bed, is difficult to treat, does not cure completely.
Most women will experience mild syndrome. The question of treatment is not worth it, the reason for feeling unwell is more than clear. Relief comes with the onset of menstruation, and the body is finally restored after the end of menstruation. But the average form of PMS makes you turn to specialists, drink pills, undergo therapy.
List of main manifestations
Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome more than 100. Below are only those that are often found, do not require complex therapy, emergency hospitalization.
- mood swings
- reduced self-esteem
- dissatisfaction with their own lives,
- panic attacks,
- in difficult states of thought of death,
- swelling of the face, limbs,
- weight gain
- skin rashes,
- excessive sweating
- temperature rise up to 37 degrees Celsius
- lower back pain
- abdominal pain,
- breast augmentation and nipple sensitivity,
- muscle pain,
- increased fatigue
- sleepiness and insomnia,
- desire to hide from everyone
- gas formation
- pain in the anus,
- bowel dysfunction.
Manifestations of the syndrome are aggravated by negative factors. In addition, poor health depends on the nature of the discharge of menstruation, their duration. With menstruation lasting 3 days, with a small amount of discharge, you feel better.
If the discharge is abundant, the menstruation lasts 5-7 days, the body weakens. Symptoms of PMS continue to be present after the end of menstruation. In this case, there is a strong weakness, dizziness, pallor of the skin.
All this is due to the loss of iron, decrease in hemoglobin due to heavy bleeding.
Lifestyle, nutrition, environment affects the well-being of women before critical days.
- Nutrition. Currently, the quality of food leaves much to be desired. GMO, dyes, flavor enhancers, flavors, other chemical additives adversely affect the digestive tract. Before menstruation, intestinal and stomach diseases are exacerbated. Nausea, vomiting, gas, diarrhea and so on. In addition, ladies pay little attention to the diet. And sometimes there simply isn’t enough time for fully cooked food. Semi-finished products, snacks, spicy, salty, fried food disrupts metabolism, promotes fluid retention in the body. Before critical days, swelling, weight gain, increased sweating. Beauty requires sacrifice. Sometimes starvation diets exhaust the body so much that the monthly discharge does not come at all or because of the lack of the necessary components the bleeding begins. Meals should be complete. At least 2 weeks before the estimated monthly should follow a diet to unload the digestive system.
- Bad habits. About the dangers of smoking and alcohol on the female body can talk endlessly. There is no such body which would have a negative impact.
- Nervous exhaustion. The influence of the nervous system on the female body themselves ladies underestimate. Meanwhile, severe stress, nervous tension, an unfavorable psycho-emotional situation at home, at work aggravates the manifestations of the syndrome, significantly worsens health. It has been observed that in women engaged in mental work, PMS manifestations are much stronger.
- Lack of physical activity, sedentary lifestyle. In such conditions, there is stagnation of blood in the pelvic organs, decreases the ability of the uterus to quickly reject the endometrial layer, increases pain, disturbed metabolism. Monthly may come late, discharge scarce or abundant.
- Disease. Of course, in the period before menstruation, all diseases are exacerbated. The presence of hidden diseases, chronic, infectious significantly worsen state of health.
When a woman is happy with her beloved man, is satisfied with work, delights children, there is no lack of money, there is time for rest, good sleep, poor health before menstruation is a fleeting phenomenon. Unfortunately, such conditions of life gives the fate of units. It is necessary to learn to raise your spirits, to rejoice more, not to pay attention to minor life troubles, to appreciate your female health.
Causes of feeling unwell before menstruation - Home Treatment
Many women experience poor health before menstruation. It can be accompanied by various manifestations, ranging from mild malaise to more serious symptoms. Previously, the importance attached to the condition of women in the premenstrual period.
In the Soviet Union, it was believed that a woman is equal with a man and should work just like everyone without indulgence. In old films healthy, strong women are portrayed who carry cement mortar in buckets and work in factories on a par with men.
However, in the countries of the West a different attitude towards women has been formed. For example, there are countries in which a woman can get a sick leave if she feels very bad during her period. And during pregnancy, the expectant mother can be on sick leave for months, until the very birth, if the work is considered harmful.
It is noticed that with the deterioration of the environment, an increase in stress, feelings, women became more vulnerable during menstruation. Additional loads can increase abdominal pain, malaise, loss of appetite, joint pain. You should know how to reduce the manifestations of premenstrual syndrome.
Brief description of the anatomy of the female body
The female body is different and more complex than the male. Due to this, people have the opportunity to continue the race. From 11-13 years old the girl's body begins to undergo various changes. At this age, begin to go monthly. This name suggests that the process takes place every month. Doctors use the medical term - menstruation.
During menstruation, dark blood is secreted from the vagina with clots, mucus or lumps due to the fact that the endometrial layer is released from the uterus along with the blood.
But such a phenomenon is considered absolutely normal.
The egg cell, together with the swollen endometrium, is erupted, allowing the body to fully recover so that the next month the egg cell is ready for fertilization again.
Under the menstrual cycle refers to the period from the first day of menstruation to the first day of the following menstruation. Every woman has a different period. It can vary from 25-35 days.
Monthly go from 3 to 7 days. The amount of discharge depends on the individuality of the female body.
On the 2nd and 3rd day, the excretions become more intense, after which they gradually decrease, changing their color to brown.
Where do the bleeding come from? Through the layer of the endometrium passes a lot of blood vessels. When rejected, they collapse and go. Experts say that during menstruation 50 ml of pure blood is lost.
Women mistakenly believe that blood is released much more, but it is not. The basis of the discharge consists of mucus. In addition, each woman has individual characteristics, through which the discharge can be very scarce or abundant.
But this is not considered a pathology.
Back to premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
This term implies a symptom complex, which appears in women of different ages a few days before menstruation. Syndrome time can vary from 2 to 10 days. With PMS, the metabolism is disturbed, the nervous, vascular, and endocrine systems of the body slow down or become too active. Studies show that with age, more and more women are prone to this syndrome.
So, only 20% of women aged 19-29 suffer from PMS. After 30 years, 47% are already experiencing its symptoms, and after 40 years, this figure is 55%. It is noticed that premenstrual syndrome occurs more often in women with a labile nervous system and those whose work is associated with mental activity.
The following factors play a major role in the development of the syndrome:
- the birth of a child
- infectious diseases,
- coffee abuse
- bad habits (smoking, alcohol),
- lack of exercise
The PMS classification is distinguished depending on how long the symptoms last, with what intensity and in what quantity. A mild degree is diagnosed when there are 4-5 symptoms, but only 1 or 2 symptoms are pronounced.
Such manifestations can make themselves known 5-10 days before the onset of menstruation.
With severe, there are many different symptoms that occur 2 weeks before menstruation, and 5-7 of them are so pronounced that the normal life of a woman becomes impossible.
Three stages of premenstrual syndrome are divided: compensated, subcompensated, decompensated. At the compensated stage, the symptoms do not progress.
They appear on the 2nd phase of the menstrual cycle and pass with the onset of menstruation. The subcompensated stage is manifested by the progression of symptoms that disappear only with the end of reproductive age.
When decompensated form PMS symptoms continue to persist for some time after menstruation.
Back to premenstrual syndrome
Recognizing PMS is easy. Enough to monitor their condition for 5-10 days before the onset of menstruation. Some doctors recommend patients to keep a diary in which you can record changes in physical and emotional terms. The most common signs of PMS are:
- increased appetite
- weight gain
- bad mood,
- desire to cry
- abdominal pain, lower back,
- breast and nipple soreness
- increased secretion
- pressure increase
- excessive anxiety
- fluid retention
- heart rhythm disorders
- skin acne,
- fast fatiguability,
- temperature rise to 37-37,2 °,
- craving for sweets
- sensation of heat, chills.
The researchers claim that such manifestations are associated with hormonal changes, insufficient production of progesterone, electrolyte disorders, when there is a loss of trace elements. A lack of vitamin B6, zinc, calcium, heredity also affect the appearance of the symptoms described.
Some women may confuse PMS symptoms with pregnancy. Someone is trying to treat this cider independently, resorting to medicines, for example, before taking antidepressants without consulting a doctor, using painkillers, relieving stress with the help of alcohol. But this behavior can worsen the condition of women.
Back to the pain relief in the period of PMS?
Through poor health before menstruation, some women are forced to abandon long journeys, trips, visits and other important matters. Moreover, some have to carry pills with them in order to take them when the pain becomes very severe. To smooth out such a period, a woman needs to visit a gynecologist and get recommendations, and then follow them.
As treatment can be prescribed:
- hormonal drugs
- sedatives, psychotropic drugs,
- diuretics (for edema),
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- antihistamine tablets,
- homeopathic medicines
- B vitamins,
- trace elements (calcium, potassium, zinc).
The duration of treatment may be about 6 months.
In addition to treatment, it is possible to alleviate the condition by following simple rules.
It is necessary to balance the diet. Limit the consumption of coffee, salt, saturated foods. During such a period it is better to eat fish, legumes, vegetables and fruits, dairy products. Dark chocolate is allowed.
Include sports or gymnastics 2-3 times a week. It is known that physical activity increases the production of endorphin (the joy hormone). Therefore, exercise will help to cope with bad mood, apathy and depression. But you should not overly exhaust the body. Interrupt your sleep. For good health, you need 8 hours of sleep.
Try to eliminate stressful situations.Think in advance what you can do to be less nervous, to keep up with everything and not to clash at work.
You can make a schedule of urgent action and stick to it. Allow for a little rest during the day during the ICP period. Chamomile or mint herbal teas have a good effect on well-being.
By adhering to such recommendations, you can alleviate the ICP period.
Poor health before menstruation - the main causes of malaise
Bad health before menstruation is every woman. Only manifested in all different ways. For some, this is a slight indisposition with irritability and mood swings, for others severe pain, dizziness, unconsciousness, nausea to vomiting.
About bad health before menstruation today it is customary to say. Women do not remain alone with their problems, they do not take for granted a serious deterioration in health on the eve of menstruation. Appeal to specialists, take measures, undergo treatment.
But why such a difference in the painful sensations? How to improve well-being before menstruation?
Physiological causes of malaise
The body of a woman is a complex system. Each monthly cycle is accompanied by the strongest transformations that entail a bad state of health.
In the second half of the menstrual cycle, the balance of hormones changes. Estrogens, which are responsible for excellent mood, well-being, beauty, sexual desire, are in the minority. Ovulation is finished, there is no need to attract a sexual partner.
So ordered mother nature. After ovulation, progesterone levels begin to increase rapidly. These hormones are becoming the main cause of poor health before menstruation.
The most common and quite normal consequences of hormonal imbalance:
- reduced performance
- fast fatiguability,
- sleep disturbance,
- slight dizziness.
Transformations in the uterus
In the second half of the menstrual cycle, the body prepares for pregnancy, hence the extra kilos on the sides, increased appetite, breast augmentation. When he realizes that fertilization has not taken place, he reorganizes and begins preparatory procedures for menstruation.
The muscles of the uterus are reduced to reject the endometrial layer that is not useful. The process is accompanied by painful sensations. There are spasms, aching pain in the lower back, sacrum, lower abdomen. Spasms may be barely noticeable or so intense that they put a woman in bed, make her drink painkillers.
All this is accompanied by nausea, weakness, decrease in body temperature, pallor.
Change in blood circulation
Before menstruation, feeling unwell is due to changes in blood circulation in the vessels. On the eve of menstruation and in its process, a situation arises when the vessels dilate and then sharply narrow. Oxygen is supplied to the brain cells in a minimal amount.
The so-called temporary oxygen deprivation leads to dizziness, loss of consciousness, headache. After a strong attack appears nausea, weakness.
Before this, one more reason closely borders this cause of poor health - blood pressure surges or its decrease for a certain time. Low pressure causes:
- increased fatigue
- cold sweat.
Imbalance of vitamins, minerals
Before menstruation, feeling unwell is due to a deficiency of potassium, magnesium, calcium, sodium, iron, vitamins A, C. Sometimes the body itself suggests what is missing. At the end of the menstrual cycle, you want a salty, sweet, sour. For example, herring, orange, candy.
It is possible to avoid deficiency with proper nutrition a week before the menstruation, taking of a complex of vitamins, minerals for women. Feeling for this reason may be slightly shaken or badly hurt. For example, as a result of iron deficiency, hemoglobin decreases.
Hence the dizziness, nausea, weakness.
Nervous system overload
The central nervous system regulates all processes of the menstrual cycle. Coordinates hormone production. Before menstruation, feeling unwell is caused by a strong tension in the central nervous system. Almost always a woman feels:
- reduced self-esteem
- tides of panic,
- sleep disturbance.
If during the monthly cycle were present stress, extreme stress, depression, nausea, headache is added.
Before menstruation, feeling unwell with several signs of PMS is normal. But this does not mean that nothing should be done about it. It is necessary to direct all efforts to reduce the intensity of PMS manifestations, if possible avoid negative factors of influence.
Nausea before menstruation
The most common symptom of PMS. And the closer the menstruation, the more nauseous. Sometimes it comes to vomiting. Why there is nausea in the monthly cycle there are several reasons:
- Hormonal imbalance, nausea provokes elevated levels of progesterone.
- Problems with the digestive system - on the eve of menstruation, the body is most vulnerable, all hidden diseases appear. In the presence of gastritis, intestinal dysbiosis, nausea appears every time.
- Excessive physical exhaustion causes nausea. And also weight lifting, lack of sleep.
- Nausea occurs as a result of taking medicines, especially antibiotics, hormonal drugs.
- There is nausea due to malnutrition - a lot of salty, spicy, sweet, fatty.
- They provoke nausea bad habits - smoking, alcohol, abuse of coffee.
- Nausea occurs due to overstrain of the nervous system. Women who are engaged in mental work are especially affected.
Throughout the entire menstrual cycle, numerous changes occur in the female body. If for one reason or another, one link is damaged, the entire menstrual cycle is disrupted. And afterwards, the well-being of the woman on the eve of her period suffers.
You must be attentive to your body. At least a week before the expected menstruation to switch to a proper diet, to avoid physical and emotional stress. Then the PMS manifestations will not be so strong, and the state of health will be bad.
How to improve your condition during menstruation
Not every woman can boast of well-being before critical days. Unpleasant manifestations in women during this period are different.
Some people change their mood, others become irritable, others suffer from headache, they are tormented by nausea and vomiting.
But why do women feel differently these days? What are the causes of indisposition? How to alleviate the condition?
Monthly and premenstrual syndrome
The woman's body is designed in such a way as to continue the race, and all the processes occurring in it contribute to this. At about 11-13 years old, the body of a young girl begins to change - menstruation or menstruation begins. Now, menstrual bleeding will come monthly, starting the menstrual cycle.
The menstrual cycle in women is a period of time that begins on the first day of menstrual bleeding and ends on the day preceding the day of the beginning of menstruation the next month. The cycle time can be 21-35 days, and the menstruation itself normally lasts 3-7 days.
Menstruation is a bleeding from which clots, mucus and lumps are present. This is how the endometrium of the uterus is rejected and removed with the blood from the body. Simultaneously with the endometrium and unfertilized egg. At this time, a new egg is already growing in the ovary in order to expect fertilization again next month.
The volume of discharge depends on the personal characteristics of the female body, which explains more scarce or more heavy bleeding. On average, a woman loses 50 ml of pure blood during her period, although it may seem to her that this figure is much higher. The highest intensity of bleeding on the 2-3 day of menstruation, then they begin to gradually decline.
A few days before the onset of bleeding, women of different ages may experience the appearance of a number of symptoms, which is called premenstrual syndrome. PMS can last 2-10 days and is expressed in slowing down or activating the nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular systems of the body, as well as metabolic disorders. The older the woman, the more she is exposed to PMS.
Under the influence of certain factors, the syndrome develops:
- frequent stressful situations
- childbirth and postponed abortions,
- past infectious diseases
- lack of sufficient exercise
- smoking, drinking alcohol and strong coffee.
PMS is classified according to intensity, quantity and duration. So, with pronounced 1-2 symptoms, but only 4-5 of them are observed, a mild degree is diagnosed 5-10 days before the onset of menstrual bleeding. If, 2 weeks before menstruation, there are many symptoms of PMS, and 5-7 of them do not allow a woman to live a normal life, this indicates a severe degree of the syndrome.
There are three stages of PMS:
- Compensated. Symptomatology does not progress, appears in the second phase of the menstrual cycle, and when menstruation begins, passes.
- Subcompensated. Symptoms progress, disappear only with the onset of menopause.
- Decompensated. Manifestations persist after menstruation.
Physiological causes of poor health before menstruation
The female body is a complex system, where a large restructuring takes place every month, which is the reason for the indisposition:
Hormonal changes. The second half of the cycle is characterized by a change in hormonal balance. Estrogen levels are reduced, which is responsible for good mood and well-being, as well as sexual desire.
After the completion of ovulation, which falls approximately in the middle of the cycle, the level of progesterones in the female body rapidly increases, it is the predominance of these hormones that causes poor health before critical days.
As a result of this imbalance of hormones, a woman's performance decreases, sleep is disturbed, her mood changes dramatically, nausea and weakness appear, and her head can turn.
Changes in the reproductive organ. After ovulation, the female body begins to actively prepare for pregnancy, which is manifested in increased appetite and breast augmentation. If there was no fertilization, it is drastically rebuilt and begins to prepare for rejection of the endometrium and, as a result, for menstruation.
To do this, the muscular layer of the uterus is reduced, causing painful sensations in the lower back, lower abdomen, and sacrum. The pain is aching and spasmodic in nature, it can be barely perceptible, and it can be very strong that a woman is forced to take painkillers.
Also possible weakness, nausea, pallor of the skin, lowering body temperature.
Changes in blood circulation in the vessels.
Before the onset of bleeding, the vessels dilate and then narrow sharply, this leads to the fact that brain cells experience oxygen starvation during this period and, as a result, symptoms such as headache, dizziness, loss of consciousness, nausea, weakness appear. Blood pressure drops also cause you to feel unwell before menstruation.
Lack of vitamins and minerals. A woman's body needs to get enough vitamins and minerals. Before menstruation, there is a deficiency of vitamins A and C, as well as magnesium, calcium, sodium, and iron.
To avoid this, you need to constantly monitor your diet, and especially a week before the start of your period, take vitamins, as well as minerals. Lack of vitamins and minerals and causes unpleasant symptoms of PMS.
Great stress on the nervous system. Strong tension of the central nervous system, which is responsible for the production of hormones and the regulation of the processes of the menstrual cycle, leads to the following symptoms: frequent mood swings, nervousness, irritability, aggression, panic, sleep disturbance. Under severe stress throughout the cycle, nausea, headache, and depressive state also occur.
Symptoms of PMS
Poor health before menstruation, which appears in several signs, is considered acceptable. But a woman should take various measures to reduce the intensity of these unpleasant manifestations and, if possible, avoid the causes of their occurrence.
The most frequent manifestations of premenstrual syndrome include:
- increased appetite
- sleep disorders
- mood swings
- weight gain
- high blood pressure
- breast tenderness,
- headaches, dizziness,
- feeling anxious
- swelling, fluid retention,
- fast fatiguability,
- skin problems (acne),
- sensation of heat, chills,
- the constant desire to eat sweets
- increase in body temperature to 37 ° C.
Often, women confuse the signs of premenstrual syndrome with a new pregnancy, while others try to cope with PMS manifestations on their own in order to relieve their condition a little. But, you need to understand that any means can be applied only after consultation with the doctor, otherwise you can only harm your body.
How to improve well-being before menstruation?
Some women have PMS symptoms that are so strong that they are forced to drastically change their plans until their monthly periods are over.
Some of the fair sex can not do without pills these days, because the pain is just unbearable.
Before taking any measures to alleviate the condition, it is necessary to consult with your gynecologist. This will help to avoid many troubles in the future.
In the treatment of PMS manifestations used such tools:
- hormonal drugs
- psychotropic and sedatives,
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,
Power correction is also of great importance. Before menstruation, it is recommended to eat vegetables, fruits, fish, legumes, dairy products, dark chocolate. Coffee, salt, fatty foods are minimized. Herbal teas from chamomile and mint have a soothing effect.
Be sure to attend moderate physical exertion 2-3 times a week, which contributes to the production of the hormone joy endorphin, so that you can get rid of bad mood and depression.
Take care of quality sleep. To eliminate the ailment, night sleep should be at least 8 hours. During this time, the body will be able to fully relax.
If possible, protect yourself from stress. Of course, they cannot be completely avoided, but you should try to be as nervous as possible.
Only by carefully listening to your body, can you feel much better before menstruation.
The correct mode of the day, fewer nerves, proper nutrition and feasible exercise will reduce the intensity of PMS symptoms.
And if feeling unwell before menstruation returns every month and the symptoms are very strong, it is necessary to consult a doctor for the selection of treatment methods.
Why do you feel unwell before menstruation?
Women often feel unwell before menstruation. With the help of special chemicals that are found in the body, many vital processes that take place in systems, tissues, and organs are regulated. These substances are called hormones.
Women often feel unwell before menstruation. With the help of special chemicals that are found in the body, many vital processes that take place in systems, tissues, and organs are regulated. These substances are called hormones.
Causes of ailments before menstruation
If hormone levels are normal, they support vitality, improve mood, but if they are much more, and the body is difficult to cope with them, then they no longer regulate, but contribute to the violation of biochemical processes and can adversely affect the work of many organs. Scientists still have not fully revealed the secrets of these amazing substances.
Women are often blamed for being very capricious. So they want to cry, then have fun. But they are not to blame for this, since hormones control their well-being and differences in mood.
More recently, it was believed that the majority of women's problems arise due to the fact that estrogen levels change, but it turns out that not everything is so simple. Scientists have found that not only the level of the hormone plays a big role: it is equally important how it breaks down in the body. One part is useful, the other is harmful.
Estrogen is important for the reproductive system, allowing a woman to become a mother, it affects the state of sexual health and affects various functions of the body. The negative component of estrogen causes trouble, as it contributes to:
- the occurrence of painful and heavy menstruation,
- the emergence of complex premenstrual syndrome,
- poor condition and emotional instability before menstruation,
- the occurrence of cancer.
Not only estrogen is to blame, if a woman suddenly feels unwell during her period.Unforeseen heavy physical exertion, stressful situations, poor ecology - all this can affect a woman.
The female has a great purpose - to continue life on Earth. Therefore, in girls, from the age of 11, the body gradually prepares for future motherhood. Over time, the girl begins to menstruate every month after a certain number of days.
During menstruation, blood appears from the vagina, often with clots or mucus - this is from the uterus with blood and the unfertilized egg cell a layer of swollen endometrium is rejected. Through this process, the body is restored so that the new egg can fertilize.
Under the menstrual cycle refers to the period covering the first day of the onset of menstruation - until the next appearance of menstruation. The term is different for everyone and can vary from 18 to 35 days. Bleeding ends on the third - seventh day, and how much blood a woman will lose during this time depends on her body.
Women who soon have menstruation experience premenstrual syndrome, which can last from one day to more than a week.
This time is very difficult, because:
- metabolism is disturbed for a while,
- body systems work separately, then slowing down, then increasing their activity.
It has been observed that younger women feel better during premenstrual syndrome than representatives of the older age group. Factors such as:
- birth of children,
- being overweight, mostly from a sedentary lifestyle,
- smoking and excessive drinking,
- infectious diseases,
- frequent experiences and excitement.
There is an observation: those women who are engaged in mental work or have a labile nervous system, suffer more than others before menstruation.
What is PMS like?
There is a special classification for determining PMS, it depends on how much time the symptoms will bother you, with what force, and if there will be many manifestations.
A mild degree is determined if no more than 5 symptoms occur, but one or two are particularly troubling. Symptoms begin to appear from 5 to 10 days before the start of menstruation.
A severe degree is characterized by the manifestation of many symptoms, more than 5 are clearly expressed and cause many problems with their painful manifestations.
Premenstrual syndrome exists in 3 stages:
- Compensated, when the symptoms do not appear, occur during the 2nd phase, and during menstruation pass.
- Subcompensated: symptoms progress and bother as long as the reproductive age lasts.
- Decompensated, in which the symptoms continue during menstruation, and even after they end.
How to recognize the symptoms? To understand what is happening with the body, it is enough to listen carefully to the state of your own health and understand what anomalies occur when there is 5-10 days left before the onset of menstruation. To make it more clear how the body reacts at this time, it is better to keep a diary, noting the details, recording all the changes: both physiological and emotional.
The most frequent symptoms are:
- mood swings, when bad mood and irritability are replaced by laughter and emotional uplift, and soon you want to cry or to ruin everything,
- unreasonable anxiety, restlessness,
- excessive appetite, especially the desire to eat some kind of product, most often it is sweets,
- restless sleep and general fatigue,
- appearance on the face and other areas of acne skin,
- dizziness, fainting,
- poor excretion of fluid, causing noticeable swelling,
- heart rhythm disturbances, pressure surges,
- pains that occur in the chest, abdomen, or lumbar region. Heart and head can hurt,
- more abundant discharge,
- temperature up to 37 ° C and higher
- then fever, then chills.
Preventive measures and treatment
To avoid such manifestations before and during menstruation, it is useful to move more, but not burdening ourselves with unbearable physical exercises, but to play sports evenly and regularly and be sure to walk in the fresh air.
It also depends a lot on nutrition - the body needs to be saturated with vitamins and trace elements, then it will be able to deal with all the anomalies that prevent a woman from living in peace before menstruation.
What are the first signs of menstruation?
Before the onset of menstruation, every woman experiences completely different symptoms, often they include a brown daub, painful sensations in the lower abdomen, breast swelling, a strong appetite, short temper and irritability. The occurrence of PMS is observed in almost 50% of all the representatives of the weaker sex, and with age they are more pronounced. The first signs can be observed a week before the estimated monthly. The following article lists in detail the sensations and signs before menstruation, the main symptoms before the onset of menstruation, when the first symptoms of menstruation occur and the answers to many other questions appear.
First of all, there is a feeling of general malaise and fatigue, aggression, depression, and vomiting. Despite the fact that at the beginning of menstruation, women may feel differently, there are some signs characteristic of everything:
2 Feeling crying and depressed,
5 Pain in the head,
6 general malaise,
7 The occurrence of puffiness
9 trouble sleeping
10 severe drowsiness,
11 constant feeling of hunger,
12 Desire for no one to be near
13 Absent-mindedness, lack of ability to concentrate and concentrate,
14 Hypersensitivity in the breast, painful sensations appear in the mammary glands.
Often a woman experiences several symptoms at the same time. If the manifestations of PMS bring a lot of discomfort, it is recommended to be sure to see a doctor for examination and prescription of effective treatment.
What are the signs before menstruation, the first symptoms of the early onset of menstruation
Menstrual flow is in the life of every woman. A regular monthly cycle indicates normal functioning in the reproductive function of the body. Menstruation begins in girls aged 11-15 years and continues throughout life, until menopause, ending during pregnancy and for some time while breastfeeding. Further, the main signs and symptoms of early onset of menstruation, the main symptoms before menstruation, what they can be, how to distinguish PMS from signs of pregnancy, what symptoms during menstruation are the norm, and what painful signs of menstruation can be considered symptoms of pathology. It is very important for a woman to be able to distinguish normal discharge before menstruation, healthy signs of the onset of menstruation from those symptoms when discharge from the vagina are signs of the development of pathology or other health problems.
The composition of the discharge and the amount of discharge during menstruation, what should be?
The discharge during menstruation is dark red, small clots may appear, and if the discharge during menstruation is scarlet, such symptoms may be signs of a problem. All this is a cellular layer of the endometrium, which is prepared by the body for the fetus, and if fertilization does not occur, then it is removed from the body along with the unfertilized egg. The amount of bleeding per day is about 50 ml, but may vary due to individual differences in women and range from 20 to 80 ml per day. At the same time, very abundant periods or, on the contrary, quite scanty ones can speak about any ailments of the organism. Such discharge lasts from 3 to 7 days, usually more abundant at the beginning, by the end of the discharge they become scarce, but clots may come out more. Also useful may be an article about what vaginal discharge is not normal, is not the norm.
Delayed menstruation - menstrual disorder
Disorders of the menstruation cycle may occur during life. For example, under stress, at the beginning of taking oral contraceptives, colds, with blood loss from a wound that originated elsewhere, however, led to a serious blood loss of the body and more. In such cases, the normal cycle will recover in a couple of months. If this does not happen, you need to consult a specialist, you may not be able to use contraception drugs or there are diseases in the body that affect the regularity of the cycle.
More attention is paid to the delay in menstruation from injuries that have arisen:
- at the entrance to the vagina, narrowing it.
This can be the result of trauma during sexual intercourse, washing, hitting, surgical abortion, when curettage occurs and the uterus can be injured. With constant injuries of the uterus, for example, in hard sex lovers, diseases can occur - erosion of the uterus, apoplexy, uterine bleeding. Frequent abortions can lead to infertility and other diseases, so it is important to find the best way to protect yourself and stick to it all the time. In cases of unprotected contact in order to avoid unwanted pregnancy, it is better to immediately use contraceptive agents, but this method can be used very rarely.
Signs and symptoms before menstruation (menstruation), what could be?
Many women begin to experience the unpleasant symptoms of this event a few days before the start of regular discharge. In this case, someone has no pain, but PMS syndrome is still present. Therefore, women often wonder what are the signs before menstruation, and the main signs of the onset of menstruation:
3 slight swelling and heaviness in the chest, resulting from an increase in epithelial tissue in the chest, the blood begins to flow more,
6 heart palpitations,
7 increase in appetite, weight gain. With a lack of serotonin, there is a feeling of hunger, so you should not go on a diet during this period or there is a lot of flour, it can affect your figure,
8 the appearance of edemas due to fluid retention, heaviness in the legs, appears due to changes in the water balance in the woman’s body,
9 the appearance of pimples on the face, which pass during menstruation, is associated with changes in hormonal levels, careful hygiene with cosmetic products is necessary and to exclude fatty foods,
10 mood changes, irritability, depression, appears on the background of changes in the level of hormones in the body.
There may be sadness, apathy, weakness of the body. All these signs are individual and occur differently for women, but there is nothing strange or dangerous to health. If the pain interferes with the usual rhythm of life, you can take painkillers, to relieve swelling - use less fluid, irritability and depression, remove the decoction of herbs from motherwort, chamomile, mint. When girls go into the adulthood phase and are ready to bear their offspring, they begin their first periods. It is quite normal to establish a regular cycle within 1-2 years after the start of menstruation. The age of onset of the first period ranges from 11 to 15 years and depends on heredity. This can, for example, affect sports, when due to heavy loads, menstruation occurs later, or, having begun, it disappears.
Signs before the first menstrual period in girls
1 a couple of years before the first menstrual discharge, girls may experience whiter, clear or white discharge, and before the onset of these menstruations, the whites may become more abundant,
2 the appearance of pain in the lower abdomen, may be weak or, on the contrary, quite pronounced, sometimes require the use of painkillers to lead a normal life,
3 symptom of PMS, which is expressed in a bad mood, irritability or lethargy and weakness of the body. It may not be as pronounced as in mature women, but already has a place in the lives of girls.
It turns out that girls experience similar symptoms, but there are still differences. Growing up, the cycle is getting better for girls, the symptoms get a clearer picture. For several days, a characteristic sign of the imminent onset of menstruation is pain in the chest. Such symptoms are experienced by many women. The breast becomes heavy, the nipples ache, and the mammary glands swell. This is related to the level of hormones in the body, when the hormone progesterone starts to dominate in the second phase of the monthly cycle, which is located in the adipose tissue, preparing the body for fertilization. Therefore, the chest and increases in size, there are painful sensations. And with the onset of menstruation, the level of the hormone decreases, the painful sensations disappear. But if suddenly the pain in the breast is severe, does not pass with the onset of monthly discharge, there are swelling in the mammary glands, then it is worth to be examined by a breast doctor. This can be a sign of mastopathy, when seals and cysts appear in the mammary glands.
Inside the woman's body, before each menstruation, changes also occur:
1 cervix dilates and falls slightly, becomes more dense,
2 the uterus, on the contrary, becomes softer and opens, so that the discharge can come out faster, less painful. Therefore, there is a risk to various infections, it is better to exclude sex during this period or to protect themselves with the help of condoms,
3 ovaries increase in size, may ache a little,
4 The endometrium in the body begins to flake off and becomes one-third thinner in thickness during the second phase of the cycle. The result of his detachment can also be painful symptoms.
Learning exactly how menstruation occurs in the body, where it comes from and what changes occur in the body as a whole, the painful sensations in women become clear. The main thing is to listen to your body and if there are any warning signs, severe pain or new symptoms, it is better to consult a doctor.
Signs of PMS or pregnancy, how to distinguish between symptoms of PMS and pregnancy
When pregnancy occurs, many women begin to feel the various symptoms of this change in the body before the menstrual period is delayed. These symptoms are very similar to the usual PMS:
1 pulling pain in abdomen,
2 An increase and swelling in the chest, its soreness,
3 Drowsiness, weakness, lethargy, lethargy,
4 Quick mood changes,
5 Nausea and vomiting.
Therefore, with such symptoms, it is very difficult to determine that fertilization has occurred. It is necessary or wait for the delay of menstruation and do a test on the second day, which will show a positive result - two strips during pregnancy or negative - one strip, without waiting for the delay to donate blood for the hCG analysis, which can determine the pregnancy already 5-7 days after the onset of conception. The test is best done two times for accuracy and it is recommended not to do on the first day of the delay, since the hormone levels of hCG may not yet reach the desired indicator in the urine and the result during pregnancy will show a negative option, not a positive one. It is advisable to learn about pregnancy as early as possible in order to prepare your body for carrying, start eating right, relax more, not overwork, quit bad habits if they are, take vitamins, walk in the fresh air, avoid taking medicines that can harm the fetus . All this will help make a healthy baby. And of course, women who want to get pregnant, but who still cannot do it, want to know about the joyful event much earlier. But in this case, it is better to rely on the analysis of hCG or the test, since with a strong desire, symptoms of a “false pregnancy” appear, and with a negative result, the woman begins to worry even more and may become depressed and withdraw into herself.
Based on the above, it can be said that the symptoms of the onset of the upcoming menstrual flow occur in almost every woman, may differ in different symptoms in the strength of the manifestations, but in general these are similar sensations that can sometimes be confused with pregnancy. Therefore, it is very important to monitor your menstrual cycle, to monitor all changes in it. In case of deviations from the norm or the appearance of severe pain, it is better to consult a specialist in order to exclude any pathology in the body or to begin timely treatment. You should not hesitate or postpone a visit to the doctor, our health depends largely on ourselves.
Why do acne appear before menses start?
One week before critical days, many women notice acne on their face. This is an individual trait, but 95% of women suffer from it. When using the intrauterine device, bleeding is observed periodically, for example, after a visit to the gynecologist or sexual intercourse. If daub menstruation is observed brown daub, which can be considered the norm. Но если перед месячными возникают болезненные кровотечения, то это может свидетельствовать о присутствии миомы, процессах воспалительного характера, плохая свертываемость крови, наличие эндометриоза. Сильное кровотечение возникает на фоне гормонального дисбаланса и стрессовых ситуаций.
Тошнота и рвота, как признаки скорого начала месячных, почему тошнит перед месячными?
Nausea before the onset of menstruation, which brings to vomiting, is very easily confused with the first signs of pregnancy. So, during pregnancy, nausea and even vomiting can be symptoms of toxicosis, and these are natural symptoms and signs of pregnancy. But nausea before menstruation, when nausea appears before the onset of menstruation, maybe for a whole number of other all sorts of reasons.
As a result of an increased level of hormones, vomiting can occur, which often increases with the use of contraceptives. This reaction indicates that the tool is selected in the wrong way. The special design of the uterus can cause nausea. Before the onset of menstruation, it increases in size, starting to squeeze the nerve endings, which causes vomiting. Attacks of nausea at this time may result from intense physical exertion.
Headache and PMS, why headache before menstruation, what could be the reasons
After the ovulation phase is completed, the preparation of the body for fertilization begins, during this period there is a low content of progesterone. In the absence of pregnancy come monthly. If a woman has an increased sensitivity, she can observe painful sensations in the head area. Against this background, can develop depression. In the case of a large amount of estrogen in the body, the fluid will accumulate, resulting in swelling of the head tissues and, consequently, painful sensations. In some cases, there is the development of such a terrible disease as migraines, developing before the beginning of menstruation.
Frequent urination without pain before menstruation
The end of the month often acts as a trigger, which causes a strong painful sensations. During an attack, a woman has a strong spasm in the vascular area, which causes even more painful sensations. In this situation, this phenomenon is quite common. In some cases, there is such a disorder, such as painful sensations during urination or an excessive amount of them. It is considered that the deviation is the frequency of urination more than 10 times a day. In addition, the desire to often go to the toilet in a small way may occur in violation of hormonal balance, the formation of stones in the bladder, diabetes, neurosis, uterine myoma, or its prolapse. If the urge to urinate became frequent, then it is likely that a woman has cystitis - a bladder disease.
The stomach hurts before menstruation, causes. What to do if the lower abdomen hurts badly on the left or right, in the center of the abdomen, before menstruation?
Provided that the emergence of desires occurs solely before the onset of critical days, the reason for this phenomenon is in the approaching menstruation. Almost every woman before menstruation begins to experience nagging pain in the lower abdomen. Of course, this phenomenon is to some extent normal, but under certain conditions it can be an exception.
What are the causes of pain in this area during menstruation? In fact, there are not many reasons:
1 Infections in the area of reproductive organs,
2 Anomalies in the gynecological area
3 Depressive states, stress,
4 The presence of inflammatory processes,
5 Blood levels of endorphins are lowered.
If there is a place to be severe pain that cannot be tolerated, then it is recommended to immediately consult a doctor.
What to do if there are symptoms before menstruation, and menstruation has not started?
In some cases, it may seem that menstruation is about to come, but it is not. In this case, it is more likely that pregnancy will occur. Confirm or deny this fact can a pregnancy test, which you can buy at any pharmacy. Blood donation to the level of hCG is also considered to be an effective remedy, which is effectively done on a very short time.
However, the cause of this phenomenon does not always lie in pregnancy, there are more serious situations. For example, a similar picture is observed when there is a tumor on both ovaries, hormonal imbalance, acute infection, metabolic disturbances or the presence of an acute infection. In addition, a similar problem occurs in women after an abortion, miscarriage, fatigue, stressful situations or a prolonged absence of sex life.
What symptoms before menstruation can be considered signs of health problems?
Normally, before the beginning of the monthly observed discharge of white color, which can not be considered pathology. If before critical days there is abundant daub, then this may indicate the presence of pathology, which is recommended to show to the doctor:
1 If vaginal discharge is white and resembles flakes in structure, this indicates the presence of thrush. If you start treatment in time, the problem quickly goes away,
2 If there have been childbirth recently, as a result of which the cycle did not have time to settle, some women face black daubs. There is nothing wrong with that, do not be afraid,
3 A pink discharge, like a moth, suggests possible cervical erosion. In addition, they may indicate infectious diseases and endocercevitis,
4 Brown daub before menstruation indicates the presence of an imbalance of hormones and the beginning of endometriosis, in this case it is recommended to contact a gynecologist for tests,
5 The greatest danger is the discharge of a yellowish-green color with a mucous texture, indicating the presence of purulent cervicitis.
Of course, such phenomena are often random in nature, without causing harm to health. However, in any case, it is recommended to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
Hello. I am 14 years old. The first periods came six months ago, but the cycle is still not regular enough. Already the second day I feel a pulling pain in my stomach. Not even pain, but rather discomfort. I can not understand, it means will soon begin monthly?
Hello. Aching pain in the lower abdomen is one of the symptoms of the onset of menstruation. This happens as a result of the preparation of the uterus for rejection of the inner layer or, in other words, the endometrium. Pain is not felt by all women, it is rather an individual feature of the body. If the sensations become quite intense and do not pass on their own, then it is best to seek the advice of a gynecologist and pass the necessary tests in order to rule out a violation of the hormonal background.
Hello. My name is Elena, I'm 21 years old. My monthly cycle is a bit irregular, about 28-33 days. I noticed that before the onset of menstruation, I often experience a disorder in the stool. For me, this is a kind of symptom before menstruation, but it became interesting, is this normal?
Hello, Elena. A bowel movement before menstruation is the norm, if you have a good metabolism. The fact is that your body during this period seeks to get rid of everything superfluous, including from waste products. In some cases, even a pulling pain in the lower abdomen disappears after emptying, as it can be caused by pressure on the internal organs from the intestine.
Hello. I am 15 years old, my first periods began a year and a half ago. But each time their arrival for me turns out to be a surprise, since the cycle is still unstable. Tell me, if any symptoms before menstruation, how to understand that they will begin soon? For some reason I am uncomfortable asking such questions to my mother.
Hello. Many women on the eve of menstruation complain of the painful sensations of a whining character in the abdomen and lower back. This is due to the preparation of the uterus for the rejection of the endometrium. In addition, it may swell and hurt the chest. The reason for this is the proliferation of glandular tissue, so the mammary glands are preparing for a possible lactation. You may notice that with the advent of menstruation, all painful sensations in the chest disappear on their own, because the formed glandular tissue atrophies as unnecessary. Often, on the eve of menstruation, women experience various skin rashes, this is due to changes in hormonal levels. Another symptom is frequent emptying of the intestines. In addition, unstable hormones during this period can cause depression, irritability, or tearfulness. You should pay close attention to your own feelings and over time you will begin to understand that the body itself sends signals about the onset of menstruation.
Good day. I am 19 years old, monthly go from 13 years, the cycle is irregular - 26-45 days. The last menstruation was exactly four weeks ago. The last two days I constantly want to eat, the mood is whiny, and even the lower abdomen seems swollen and aching. I do not understand, it can be symptoms of menstruation? Just two days to go to the sea, and I do not even know what to expect. Thanks in advance for your reply.
Hello. Days before the arrival of menstruation are unstable in the endocrine, in this regard, women are observed violations of somatic and psychological nature. This condition has been called premenstrual syndrome and your symptoms are likely to have arisen due to its cause. Most often, PMS is manifested in the form of irritability, tearfulness, abdominal distension, breast hypersensitivity, drowsiness, edema, frequent urination, and others. Therefore, your condition may well indicate the onset of menstruation, but only a qualified gynecologist will be able to tell after the examination and ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
Prompt, excessive appetite and weight gain can be a symptom of the onset of menstruation?
Indeed, a significant increase in appetite is often observed before the arrival of menstruation, many women. The reason for this is a jump in hormones, namely, progesterone and estrogen against the background of a decrease in luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormones. Under the influence of estrogen in the blood of a woman, the level of glucose drops sharply and the body gives a signal to replenish it by ingesting more food. This may cause a slight increase in body weight. However, a few pounds can also be added due to fluid retention and the appearance of edema, which are also associated with increased levels of hormones or hypovinosis.